Whilst one of the HPV vaccines targets the types of HPV infection that most commonly cause genital warts or increase the risk of cervical cancer, using condoms and/or dental dams is still recommended to reduce transmission of the virus and protect against HPV types not included in available vaccines.
Biopsy of cervical tissue ( if abnormal pap smear or visible abnormality) to make sure there are no abnormal cells that could develop into HPV-related cervical cancer; a cervical biopsy involves taking a small sample of tissue from the cervix and examining it under a microscope.
You get genital warts from having skin-to-skin contact with someone who’s infected, often during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Genital warts can be spread even if no one cums, and a penis doesn’t have to go inside a vagina or anus to get them. You can spread them even when you don’t have any visible warts or other symptoms, though that’s less common. You can also pass genital warts to a baby during vaginal childbirth, but that’s pretty rare.
In women, genital warts have a similar appearance and usually occur in the moist areas of the labia minora and vaginal opening. Lesions visible on the outer genitals warrant a thorough examination of the vaginal canal, cervix, and anorectal area. Most vaginal warts occur without symptoms. Rarely, women may experience bleeding after sexual intercourse, itching, or vaginal discharge.
© 2004-2018 All rights reserved. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
MedlinePlus links to health information from the National Institutes of Health and other federal government agencies. MedlinePlus also links to health information from non-government Web sites. See our disclaimer about external links and our quality guidelines.
These small, noncancerous growths appear when your skin is infected with one of the many viruses of the human papillomavirus (HPV) family. The virus triggers extra cell growth, which makes the outer layer of skin thick and hard in that spot. While they can grow anywhere you have skin, you’re more likely to get one on your hands or feet. The type of wart depends on where it is and what it looks like.
Like warts that appear elsewhere on your body, genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Some strains of genital HPV can cause genital while others can cause cancer. Vaccines can help protect against certain strains of genital HPV.
Ask Your Physician You should consult your health care provider if you find genital warts on yourself or on your sexual partner(s). Because there is no way to predict whether the warts will grow or disappear, people who suspect that they have genital warts should also be examined and treated.
It is crucial for sexually active people to practice safe sex. The genitals of either partner can seem to be HPV-free as no warts are present. However, the virus can still spread without visible symptoms.
You will need to visit a doctor so the doctor can decide which treatment option is best for you. There are many treatment options available, but only a doctor can know for sure which one would work best for internal warts. It’s best not to try at-home remedies if the warts are internal since you could risk giving yourself a UTI.
Warts can spread from person to person. You can get warts from touching a wart on someone’s body. Some people get a wart after touching something that another person’s wart touched, such as a towel. It often takes a few months for warts to grow large enough to see.
My OB-GYN recently told me I have HPV. I know it’s extremely common and that your immune system can naturally clear the infection over time, but I’m still freaking out about it. Because I’m over the age limit for the vaccine, is there anything else I can do to help get rid of it?
Your doctor may prescribe a medication that you can apply to the warts at home. Apply this medication carefully to avoid damaging surrounding healthy tissue, keep it out of your eyes and wash it off after the number of hours your doctor instructs you to leave it on. Your doctor also may suggest that you apply a protective coating of petroleum jelly on delicate surrounding tissue before you apply your prescribed medication.
If you’re not sure your skin growth is a wart (some skin cancers look like them), it doesn’t get better with home treatment, it hurts, or you have a lot of them, check with your doctor. If you have diabetes or a weakened immune system, you should have a doctor take a look before you treat a wart yourself.
Complications occur rarely when treatment is administered properly. Patients should be warned that persistent hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation occurs commonly with ablative modalities and has also been described with immune modulating therapies (imiquimod). Depressed or hypertrophic scars are uncommon but can occur, especially if the patient has had insufficient time to heal between treatments. Rarely, treatment can result in disabling chronic pain syndromes (e.g., vulvodynia and hyperesthesia of the treatment site) or, in the case of anal warts, painful defecation or fistulas. A limited number of case reports of severe systemic effects resulting from treatment with podophyllin resin and interferon have been documented.
Warts that occur on the hands or top of the feet are called “common warts.” A wart on the sole (the plantar surface) of the foot is a plantar wart (and can be quite painful). Genital (venereal) warts are located on the genitals and are transmitted by sexual contact; they are a form of STD (sexually transmitted disease).
If you think you are infected you should get examined to avoid complications and to prevent that you transmit the infection to future partners. In about half of all cases, genital warts appear on the shaft of the penis, usually just below the foreskin.
Your risk of infection. Treatment can sometimes cause infection. If you have an impaired immune system or a condition such as diabetes or peripheral arterial disease, discuss your increased risk of infection with your doctor. You may need to take special precautions.
Doctors usually treat genital warts by whacking ’em off, with an electric needle, freezing them with liquid nitrogen, or burning them with trichloroacetic acid. You’d probably be told, “Oh, it’s just acetic acid, like apple cider vinegar,” but it’s not. If you spill vinegar on your pants there is no danger your penis will fall off. You will undoubtedly want to rinse off trichloroacetic acid the doctor uses to remove warts.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) transmission is from direct skin to skin contact with apparent or sub-clinical lesions and/or contact with genital secretions. Micro-abrasions in the recipients skin allow viral access to the basal cells of the epithelium.
Wrap it in vitamin E. Break a vitamin E capsule and rub a little of the oil on the wart. Cover it with an adhesive bandage. Remove the bandage at night to let it breathe, then start over with the oil in the morning. Repeat three times a day.
Applying cantharidin. Your doctor may use cantharidin on your warts. With this treatment, the doctor “paints” the chemical onto the wart. Most people don’t feel any pain when the chemical is applied to the wart. You’ll experience some pain and blistering of the wart in about 3 to 8 hours. After treatment with cantharidin, a bandage is put over the wart. The bandage can be removed after 24 hours. When mixtures of cantharidin and other chemicals are used, the bandage is removed after 2 hours. When you see your doctor again, he or she will remove the dead skin of the wart. If the wart isn’t gone after one treatment, your doctor may suggest another treatment.
Sinecatechin ointment, a green-tea extract with an active product (catechins), should be applied three times daily (0.5-cm strand of ointment to each wart) using a finger to ensure coverage with a thin layer of ointment until complete clearance of warts. This product should not be continued for longer than 16 weeks (409-411). The medication should not be washed off after use. Sexual (i.e., genital, anal, or oral) contact should be avoided while the ointment is on the skin. The most common side effects of sinecatechins 15% are erythema, pruritis/burning, pain, ulceration, edema, induration, and vesicular rash. This medication may weaken condoms and diaphragms. No clinical data are available regarding the efficacy or safety of sinecatechins compared with other available anogenital wart treatment modalities. The medication is not recommended for HIV-infected persons, immunocompromised persons, or persons with clinical genital herpes because the safety and efficacy of therapy in these settings has not been established. The safety of sinecatechins during pregnancy also is unknown.
Han JJ, Beltran TH, Song JW, et al. Prevalence of Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection and Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Rates Among US Adult Men: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013–2014. JAMA Oncology. June 2017.
Special chemicals can be used to remove the warts. These chemicals dissolve warts in the genital area. They may have to be applied to the area a number of times over a period of several weeks before the treatment is complete.
Diabetes related foot problems can affect your health with two problems: diabetic neuropathy, where diabetes affects the nerves, and peripheral vascular disease, where diabetes affects the flow of blood. Common foot problems for people with diabetes include athlete’s foot, fungal infection of nails, calluses, corns, blisters, bunions, dry skin, foot ulcers, hammertoes, ingrown toenails, and plantar warts.
Micrograph of a common wart (verruca vulgaris) showing the characteristic features (hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, hypergranulosis, rete ridge elongation, and large blood vessels at the dermoepidermal junction, H&E stain)
Jump up ^ Halasz CL (1994). “Treatment of common warts using the infrared coagulator”. The Journal of dermatologic surgery and oncology. 20 (4): 252–56. doi:10.1111/j.1524-4725.1994.tb01620.x. PMID 8163746.
Liquid nitrogen, also called cryotherapy. Very cold liquid nitrogen is applied to the wart. The liquid nitrogen causes the skin to blister and scab. When the scab comes off, the wart will come with it. This treatment is quick but can also be painful. Sometimes this treatment can fail, so repeat or other treatments are often needed.
Genital warts normally occur at specific anatomic locations. In men, the warts are typically seen under the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis, on the penis, shaft, scrotum, and testicles. They can also infect the urethra, and rectal area. Warts, in more than one location, is common.
Early treatment of warts is discouraged by some doctors because genital warts can go away on their own. It can also take time for all warts to appear. So a person who treats warts as soon as they appear may need another treatment later on.