Genital warts must be treated by your doctor. Warts in the genital area can be removed, but there’s no cure for the viral infection that causes the warts. This means that the warts may come back even after they have been removed.
There are familiar type of dome-shaped warts on the backs of fingers, toes, and knees. These warts often have small black dots on their surfaces, which represent multiple thrombosed (clotted) capillaries. These dots have been called “seed warts.”
For women, it’s important to have regular pelvic exams and Pap tests, which can help detect vaginal and cervical changes caused by genital warts or the early signs of cervical cancer — a possible complication of genital HPV infection.
These vaccines are most effective if given to children before they become sexually active. Research has shown that people under 21 and age 21 to 30 who receive the HPV vaccine can reduce their risk of getting genital warts by up to 50 percent.
The risk for acquiring genital warts increases in proportion to the number of sexual contacts with an infected person, whether this is the same person or different people. You can decrease your risk by limiting your number of sexual contacts and by using condoms.
Learn about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including symptoms, signs, diagnosis, and treatment options. Get more information on herpes, genital warts, chlamydia, scabies, HIV/AIDS, and other STDs.
Use a citrus peel. Cut a section of lemon or lime peel slightly larger than the wart and tape it over with an adhesive bandage or tape. Refresh the peel every day or so and keep the wart covered for as long as possible. After about a week or so, the entire wart will come out completely.
Don’t try to treat genital warts with over-the-counter wart removers. These medications aren’t intended for use in the moist tissues of the genital area. Using over-the-counter medications for this purpose can cause even more pain and irritation.
There is no single effective cure for removal of genital warts. A number of treatment options exist; however, no treatment is 100% effective in eliminating warts and preventing them from coming back in all patients. It also is not possible to eliminate infection with human papillomavirus once it has occurred. Genital warts may go away on their own in about 10% to 20% of people over a period of three to four months.
There are many treatments and procedures associated with wart removal. A review of clinical trials of various cutaneous wart treatments concluded that topical treatments containing salicylic acid were more effective than placebo. Cryotherapy appears to be as effective as salicylic acid, but there have been fewer trials.
Flat warts: These are small, flat, flesh-colored bumps and may be numerous on one part of the body (for example on the face, arms, or groin). Getting rid of them by a light application of salicylic acid or other method is easy enough, but they have a tendency to recur.
Moisturize hands and feet to prevent breaks in the skin. Tiny breaks in the skin let the virus infect the upper layer of the skin. This is why so many warts are seen on the fingers, palms, and soles of the feet.
Avoid over-the-counter treatments. It is advised not to apply any over-the-counter remedies to the genital area. The genital skin is very sensitive and delicate and applying chemicals without proper knowledge and training can lead to damage.
The HPV vaccine Gardasil, approved for use in females in 2006, was approved for males in 2009. Gardasil is approved for boys and men ages to 26 for the prevention of genital warts caused by two HPV strains: HPV 6 and HPV 11. Those are two of the four HPV strains that Gardasil targets. In late 2010, Gardasil was also approved for the prevention of anal cancer.
If you are uncertain that a skin growth is a wart, or if you have diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, or other major illnesses that may affect your treatment, it is best to see a health professional.
When warts appear, they are usually small, fleshy, pinkish, cauliflower-shaped growths on the tip of the penis. A different strain of HPV can cause similar growths on the shaft of the penis. Warts may spread to the anus even when men do not have anal sex, but men who receive anal sex may also develop warts inside the rectal canal.
Laser resurfacing involves directing concentrated pulsating beams of light at irregular skin. This procedure may be used to reduce wrinkles, blemished, or acne scars. There are two types of lasers commonly used in laser resurfacing: carbon dioxide and erbium. Treated areas heal in 10-21 days. Possible complications include milia, hyperpigmentation, and swelling.
Factors that influence selection of treatment include wart size, wart number, anatomic site of the wart, wart morphology, patient preference, cost of treatment, convenience, adverse effects, and provider experience. Factors that might affect response to therapy include the presence of immunosuppression and compliance with therapy, which can consist of either a single treatment or complete course of treatment. In general, warts located on moist surfaces or in intertriginous areas respond best to topical treatment. The treatment modality should be changed if a patient has not improved substantially after a complete course of treatment or if side effects are severe. Most genital warts respond within 3 months of therapy. The response to treatment and any side effects should be evaluated throughout the course of therapy.
Jump up ^ Yaghoobi R, Sadighha A, Baktash D (April 2009). “Evaluation of oral zinc sulfate effect on recalcitrant multiple viral warts: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial”. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 60 (4): 706–08. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2008.09.010. PMID 19293025.
Some of the types of HPV associated with genital cancers can lead to cancer of the anus or penis in men. Both of these cancer types are rare, especially in men with a healthy immune system. The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates about 2,120 men in the U.S. will be diagnosed with cancer of the penis in 2017, and about 2,950 men will be diagnosed with anal cancer.
Immunizations can prevent many diseases nowadays. It’s important to follow the vaccination guidelines recommended on the CDC’s vaccination schedule for adults and adolescents in order to stay informed about new vaccines and to learn how often and when the vaccines should be administered.
Genital warts are small, raised skin lesions that can look like the top of a cauliflower. Though found in both sexes, males can develop warts on the testes, penis, thighs, and groin area. It is caused by the very common human papilloma virus (HPV), of which there are more than 100 types. Most do not cause additional symptoms, but you may find the lesions itchy, painful, or bleeding at times. The most problematic subtypes are HPV 16 and 18, which carry a high risk of cancer. However, the most common subtypes are HPV 6 and 11. The virus is transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. You can also find HPV lesions in/around the mouth, lips, anus, tongue, nose, eyes, and throat. The HPV vaccine is an effective way to prevent the disease. Vaccination of males with the HPV vaccine not only prevents the spread of HPV to females, but also prevents other related diseases and cancers.
Pedophyllin resin 10%–25% should be applied to each wart and allowed to air-dry before the treated area comes into contact with clothing; overapplication or failure to air dry can result in local irritation caused by spread of the compound to adjacent areas. The treatment can be repeated weekly, if necessary. To avoid the possibility of complications associated with systemic absorption and toxicity, two guidelines should be followed: 1) application should be limited to <0.5 mL of podophyllin or an area of <10 cm2 of warts per session and 2) the area to which treatment is administered should not contain any open lesions or wounds. The preparation should be thoroughly washed off 1–4 hours after application to reduce local irritation. The safety of podophyllin during pregnancy has not been established. Podophyllin resin preparations differ in the concentration of active components and contaminants. The shelf life and stability of podophyllin preparations are unknown. Not everyone who's been exposed to the virus will develop genital warts. In fact, most people don't. Sometimes, the immune system will clear the virus, and people never even know they had it. When the HPV isn't cleared away, though, genital warts or other problems can develop. Research has found the surgery to highly effective. According to one study, 94 percent of people who had six weekly sessions of electrodessication were clear of genital warts. Healing time takes four to six weeks. Some types of genital warts – usually the smaller ones – are easier to treat than others. Similarly, warts growing on moist skin tend to respond better to treatment than those located on dry skin. Most types of warts can be treated with creams such as Condyline and Aldara. However, should the warts be persistent you need to see a dermatologist and consider other treatment options such as surgically removing them, using cryosurgery (freezing off the warts with liquid nitrogen) or laser treatment. Overview Genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world. The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the virus that causes genital warts.
You can get HPV by having sex with someone who is infected with HPV. This disease is spread easily during anal or vaginal sex, and it can also be spread through oral sex or other close skin-to-skin touching during sex. HPV can be spread even when an infected person has no visible signs or symptoms.
It’s also very important to note that genital warts are highly contagious. Even when warts are not visible, it’s possible to spread HPV. HPV is spread through skin-to-skin contact during intercourse with an infected person. Symptoms may not appear for 6 weeks to 6 months after you become infected. HPV can also pass from mother to child during childbirth.
You get genital warts from having skin-to-skin contact with someone who’s infected, often during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Genital warts can be spread even if no one cums, and a penis doesn’t have to go inside a vagina or anus to get them. You can spread them even when you don’t have any visible warts or other symptoms, though that’s less common. You can also pass genital warts to a baby during vaginal childbirth, but that’s pretty rare.
When it comes to preventing genital warts, protecting yourself through practicing safe sex is the most effective method. Using condoms during sexual intercourse is highly recommended, and may also help protect you from other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and accidental pregnancies.5