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Hemorrhoids refer to enlarged vascular structures of the lower part of the rectum and anus, which in their healthy state help in temporary storage and elimination of the stools. There are two types of Hemorrhoids – internal Hemorrhoids and external Hemorrhoids – both of which present with distinctive symptoms. Though the exact cause of this condition varies from person to person, it is essentially thought to be due to an increased pressure in the lower rectum. increased pressure has been correlated to a prolonged sitting, obesity, and a poor fiber diet; and all of these factors have been frequently associated to constipation. Hemorrhoids usually affect adults aged 45 to 65 years old, but young people and children may experience this ailment as well. Men are more prone to having hemorrhoids, but women may also develop them, especially during pregnancy. In Europe and North America, an estimated 75 percent of adults are said to suffer from hemorrhoids and though it is not life-threatening, it can be extremely discomforting. Many a time, people are not comfortable discussing the discomfort they are suffering, on account of embarrassment. Thus, here is a list of symptoms that can help one determine whether they have Hemorrhoids or not.
In general, anything that puts pressure on the veins in the lower body can lead to hemorrhoids, including straining during a bowel movement; sitting on the toilet for long periods; constipation or diarrhea; being overweight; pregnancy; and age, which causes tissues to become weaker.
This is very simple yet most people don’t do it. Water can help prevent the most common cause of hemorrhoids, which is constipation. Proper hydration is key to healthy bowel movements and contributes to overall health as well. Fiber and water work together to help move waste out of the body in a healthy and efficient manner.
Blood clots sometimes form within prolapsed external hemorrhoids, which can cause an extremely painful condition called a thrombosis. If an external hemorrhoid becomes thrombosed, it can look rather frightening, turning purple or blue, and could possibly bleed.
Pain results from rapid distention of innervated skin by the clot and surrounding edema. The pain lasts 7-14 days and resolves with resolution of the thrombosis. With this resolution, the stretched anoderm persists as excess skin or skin tags. External thromboses occasionally erode the overlying skin and cause bleeding. Recurrence occurs approximately 40-50% of the time, at the same site (because the underlying damaged vein remains there). Simply removing the blood clot and leaving the weakened vein in place, rather than excising the offending vein with the clot, will predispose the patient to recurrence.
Gases (flatulence). The gases create permanent pressure inside the colon and contribute to straining, sometimes intense, to suppress them, particularly when at work or in social settings. So, in addition to all the other indignities related to flatus, you can also add the inevitable enlargement of internal and external hemorrhoids.
Rubber band ligation is probably the most widely used treatment for internal hemorrhoids. An applicator is used to place one or two small rubber bands around the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply (figures A and B). After 3-10 days, the rubber bands and the hemorrhoid fall off, leaving a scab which disappears within a week or two.
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Hemorrhoids are frequently seen in primary care clinics, emergency wards, gastroenterology units and surgical clinics, but how do you know when hemorrhoids have developed and when you should see a doctor? These are common concerns among people who develop hemorrhoids and don’t know how to deal with and treat the pain. Thankfully, there are natural treatments for how to get rid of hemorrhoids fast, and starting there may help relieve these literal pains in the butt.
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External hemorrhoids are visible-occurring out side the anus. They are basically skin-covered veins that have ballooned and appear blue. Usually they appear without any symptoms. When inflamed, however, they become red and tender. View hemorrhoid gallery for detailed photos.
Present in utero, these cushions surround and support distal anastomoses between the superior rectal arteries and the superior, middle, and inferior rectal veins. They also contain a subepithelial smooth muscle layer, contributing to the bulk of the cushions. Normal hemorrhoidal tissue accounts for approximately 15-20% of resting anal pressure and provides important sensory information, enabling the differentiation between solid, liquid, and gas.
Hemorrhoids are a common and uncomfortable or even painful problem for many people. They occur when veins in the rectum or anal area become enlarged and swollen (thrombosed). These swollen veins form a round or oval painful lump just inside or outside your rectum, making bowel movements painful or difficult.