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Most people infected with genital herpes are not aware of their infection until their first outbreak, characterised by small red bumps, blisters or open sores on or near the genitals. There can also be a vaginal discharge, fever, headaches, muscle aches, pain during urination, as well as itching, burning or swollen glands in the genital area.

Herpes infection can be passed from you to your unborn child before birth but is more commonly passed to your infant during delivery. This can lead to a potentially deadly infection in your baby (called neonatal herpes). It is important that you avoid getting herpes during pregnancy. If you are pregnant and have genital herpes, you may be offered anti-herpes medicine towards the end of your pregnancy. This medicine may reduce your risk of having signs or symptoms of genital herpes at the time of delivery. At the time of delivery, your doctor should carefully examine you for herpes sores. If you have herpes symptoms at delivery, a ‘C-section’ is usually performed.

Symptoms, if they do occur, include small painful blisters that break open to form shallow painful sores or ulcers. The sores scab and heal after 1 to 2 weeks. The first attack may be very severe with multiple blisters.

Most cases of genital herpes are caused by a virus called HSV-2. It’s highly contagious and can spread through intercourse or direct contact with a herpes sore. As with HSV-1, there is no cure. But antiviral drugs can make outbreaks less frequent and help clear up symptoms more quickly.

^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Fatahzadeh M, Schwartz RA (2007). “Human herpes simplex virus infections: epidemiology, pathogenesis, symptomatology, diagnosis, and management”. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 57 (5): 737–63; quiz 764–6. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2007.06.027. PMID 17939933.

Genital warts is one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infection, with an estimated occurrence of about 32 million cases worldwide each year. The warts affect the genital area and cause such symptoms as itching, burning, discomfort, pain, or bleeding with intercourse. Because of the recurrence and the stigma associated with genital warts, frequently there are psychological burdens associated with the disease that possibly could become traumatic as feeling of shame, worry, fear, anger, and lowered self-esteem develop. Lesions can spread on one person and because they are easily spread between people, genital warts potentially can be a serious public health problem. There are many options for treating genital warts, but none so far are superior to the others. At this time, there is no available evidence that treatment efficiently eliminates genital warts or hinders its progression to malignancy. This review evaluated theeffectiveness and safety of topical 5-FU for treatment of genital warts in nonimmunocompromised individuals. Evidence from the studies we reviewed showed that 5-FU had better results for cure than placebo or no treatment; MCSA; and Podophylin 2%, 4% or 25%. No statistical difference was found when 5-FU was compared with CO2 Laser treatment, and results were poor when 5-FU was compared with 5-FU + INF-2a (high dose) or 5-FU + CO2 Laser INF-2a (high dose). The weak point of this review was the great variability in the methods and quality of the studies that we included.

Through different sexual activities (e.g. oral sex) it is possible to get genital herpes in the mouth, tongue, lips and on other parts of the body. However, this type of transmission is quite rare and it is most likely to happen when the virus is very active – i.e. when blisters or sores have appeared or are about to form.

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Anyone diagnosed with genital herpes must disclose their diagnosis with sexual partners. These partners should be advised to seek medical attention if they develop any signs of the illness. Generally, nothing needs to be done if the partner has no signs of developing a genital herpes infection.

In severe cases, genital herpes can lead to serious complications affecting the nervous system. Other severe side effects include inability to urinate, impotence, loss of feeling and/or power in the legs, and meningitis.

Worldwide rates of either HSV-1 or HSV-2 are between 60% and 95% in adults.[4] HSV-1 is usually acquired during childhood.[1] Rates of both increase as people age.[4] Rates of HSV-1 are between 70% and 80% in populations of low socioeconomic status and 40% to 60% in populations of improved socioeconomic status.[4] An estimated 536 million people worldwide (16% of the population) were infected with HSV-2 as of 2003 with greater rates among women and those in the developing world.[10] Most people with HSV-2 do not realize that they are infected.[1] The name is from Greek: ἕρπης herpēs which means “creeping” or “latent”.

Genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus (one of the most common viruses in mankind) and in most cases causes very mild symptoms or none at all. Even when the symptoms are more severe, they are simple to treat and can usually be very well controlled.

Jump up ^ Gagyor, Ildiko; Madhok, Vishnu B.; Daly, Fergus; Somasundara, Dhruvashree; Sullivan, Michael; Gammie, Fiona; Sullivan, Frank (2015-11-09). “Antiviral treatment for Bell’s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (11): CD001869. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001869.pub8. ISSN 1469-493X. PMID 26559436.

It is legal for women of any age to have an abortion in South Africa. No parental or partner permission is needed. It is your body and your decision to end or keep the pregnancy … nobody can force you. It is very important to go to a registered, legal facility. There are many people who advertise abortion services, but many are not legal and having a ‘backstreet abortion’ could be dangerous to your health and life.

Jump up ^ Vonk P (December 1993). “Elsberg syndrome: acute urinary retention following a viral infection”. Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde (in Dutch and Flemish). 137 (50): 2603–5. PMID 8277988.

Women with genital herpes can experience a safe pregnancy and vaginal childbirth. This is especially so when a women has a diagnosis of genital herpes prior to becoming pregnant. In the situation when the mother already has a history of genital herpes, she will have antibodies circulating in her blood which will protect the baby during the pregnancy and delivery.

Jump up ^ Xu, F; MR Sternberg; SL Gottlieb; SM Berman; LE Markowitz; et al. (23 April 2010). “Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Among Persons Aged 14–49 Years – United States, 2005–2008”. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 59 (15): 456–59. Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.

As with chickenpox and/or other forms of herpes, direct contact with an active rash can spread VZV to a person who has no immunity to the virus. This newly infected individual may then develop chickenpox, but will not immediately develop shingles.[17]

Qualitative assay that uses an immunoblot format for the differentiation of herpes types 1 and 2 IgG antibodies. IgG antibodies are the most abundant type of antibody; they are found in all body fluids and protect against bacterial and viral infections.

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that causes small, painful blisters that break open and turn into ulcers. There is no cure for herpes, and it’s highly contagious, which means it’s incredibly easy to catch it from a partner during unprotected sex.

The first (primary) outbreak of herpes simplex is often the Not all first outbreaks are severe, though. Some are so mild that a person does not notice. When the first outbreak of genital herpes is mild and another outbreak happens years later, the person can mistake it for a first outbreak.

Jump up ^ Reuven NB, Staire AE, Myers RS, Weller SK (2003). “The herpes simplex virus type 1 alkaline nuclease and single-stranded DNA binding protein mediate strand exchange in vitro”. J. Virol. 77 (13): 7425–33. doi:10.1128/jvi.77.13.7425-7433.2003. PMC 164775 . PMID 12805441.

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