Pubic lice are colloquially known as “crabs.” This name refers to the shape of these parasites, which is different from that of body lice. Pubic lice live in pubic hair and are spread among people during close contact. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter lice-killing medications.
^ Jump up to: a b c Shapiro M, Kvern B, Watson P, Guenther L, McElhaney J, McGeer A (October 2011). “Update on herpes zoster vaccination: a family practitioner’s guide”. Can. Fam. Physician. 57 (10): 1127–31. PMC 3192074 . PMID 21998225.
Symptoms of herpes usually develop within 2 to 20 days after contact with the virus, although it could take longer. These symptoms may last up to several weeks, varying from one person to the next. In many people, the first infection is so mild that it goes unnoticed. It is possible that a person becomes aware of the “first episode” years after the infection is acquired. Many people who contract HSV are not aware of their infection.
Signs and Symptoms in Women: Women may develop a yellow-green discharge with a strong odor, vaginal itching, or pain during sex or urination. Symptoms usually begin five to 28 days after acquiring the parasite.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It can cause sores in the genital area and is spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex — especially during unprotected sex when infected skin touches the vaginal, oral, or anal area. Occasionally, it can cause sores in the mouth, and can be spread through saliva (spit). Because the virus does not live outside the body for long, you cannot catch genital herpes from an object, such as a toilet seat.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs of HIV infection include fatigue, enlarged lymph glands, and recurrent vaginal yeast infections. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV infection.
A major concern with regard to herpes is that it is a communicable infection. It is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids and lesions of the infected person. Genital herpes is, therefore, the more commonly transmitted variant of HSV. Since there is no cure for herpes, it is very important for patients and those associating with them to be careful in their interactions, especially during herpes flares.
After an initial genital herpes infection with HSV-2, recurrent symptoms are common but often less severe than the first outbreak. The frequency of outbreaks tends to decrease over time. People infected with HSV-2 may experience sensations of mild tingling or shooting pain in the legs, hips, and buttocks before the occurrence of genital ulcers.
Jump up ^ Schmader K, George LK, Burchett BM, Hamilton JD, Pieper CF (1998). “Race and stress in the incidence of herpes zoster in older adults”. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 46 (8): 973–77. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1998.tb02751.x. PMID 9706885.
There are two different but closely related viruses that cause genital herpes infection, most commonly the virus associated with genital herpes is herpes simplex virus (HSV) type II. However, HSV type I can also sometimes cause genital herpes. Once someone has been infected by these viruses, there is no way of ever getting rid of them. These viruses belong to a large group of viruses that can hide in a ‘latent’ state in an individual’s body after the first infection with that virus and reactivate at a later stage to cause disease once again.
herpes febri´lis a variety of herpes simplex usually found on or around the lips and nostrils but occasionally on other mucoid tissues. It is generally caused by human herpesvirus 1, although occasionally it may be caused by human herpesvirus 2. It is usually a concomitant of fever, but may also develop in situations of other stresses without fever or prior illness. The virus is carried by most people but usually lies quiescent. There is no cure for the condition, but some medications increase comfort. Antiviral medications used in this way include acyclovir and valacyclovir. Called also fever blisters and cold sores.
Some people have 1 outbreak. For others, the virus becomes active again. When they have another outbreak, it is called a recurrence. These tend to be more common during the first year of infection. Over time, the outbreaks tend to become less frequent and milder. This is because the body makes antibodies (defenses) to the virus.
The cervix (the neck of the womb) can become inflamed, which causes discomfort, bleeding and irregular discharge. Cervicitis can cause chlamydia symptoms such as pain during intercourse, burning during urination and an urgent need to urinate. If left untreated, it can result in cervical cysts, backache, deep pelvic pain and relentless vaginal discharge.
Robert Belshe, director of the Saint Louis University Center for Vaccine Development, said the vaccine was partially effective at preventing herpes simplex virus type 1, but did not protect women from herpes simplex virus type 2.
In the UK, the Herpes Association (now the Herpes Viruses Association) was started in 1982, becoming a registered charity with a Dept of Health grant in 1985. The charity started as a string of local group meetings before acquiring an office and a national spread.
“I always keep a packet of them in my bag. As soon as I feel the tingle of an imminent cold sore, I stick one on. It’s fuss free and works amazingly quickly to avert a blister,” says Phillipa, an office worker.
Herpes simplex (cold sores, fever blisters) and herpes zoster (shingles) are two epidermal viral infections that produce blisters within the epidermis. The severity of these infections is influenced by the state of the person’s immune system; they are more severe in injured persons, in the…
Herpes infection can be passed from you to your unborn child before birth but is more commonly passed to your infant during delivery. This can lead to a potentially deadly infection in your baby (called neonatal herpes). It is important that you avoid getting herpes during pregnancy. If you are pregnant and have genital herpes, you may be offered anti-herpes medicine towards the end of your pregnancy. This medicine may reduce your risk of having signs or symptoms of genital herpes at the time of delivery. At the time of delivery, your doctor should carefully examine you for herpes sores. If you have herpes symptoms at delivery, a ‘C-section’ is usually performed.
A doctor will base a presumptive diagnosis on information provided by the patient and on the physical examination. The characteristic appearance of the herpes sores leaves little doubt about the diagnosis, so the typical appearance of the sores is key to the diagnosis. This appearance helps distinguish oral herpes from oral thrush, shingles, gonorrhea, and syphilis. In addition, chapped or sunburned lips can resemble oral herpes, but the tissue stain (Tzanck smear, see below) shows no virus-induced cell changes. Further testing is usually not necessary but is sometimes done.
Some people ask for a blood test to check their prior HSV exposure. We advise that the results may not be accurate enough to assess their risk and that they should, whatever the test result, practice the simple preventative measures mentioned above.
Jump up ^ Segal AL, Katcher AH, Brightman VJ, Miller MF (1974). “Recurrent herpes labialis, recurrent aphthous ulcers, and the menstrual cycle”. J. Dent. Res. 53 (4): 797–803. doi:10.1177/00220345740530040501. PMID 4526372.
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It is highly unlikely that HSV will be passed on to other people by the sharing of towels toilet seats. Outside the body the herpes virus cannot survive for more than a few seconds. The herpes virus is killed by the use of soap and water.
In 2012, an estimated 3.7 billion people under the age of 50, or 67% of the population, had HSV-1 infection. Estimated prevalence of the infection was highest in Africa (87%) and lowest in the Americas (40-50%).
Interestingly, many herpes victims may not witness any symptoms immediately after contraction of the virus. In some cases, the symptoms may even be too mild for them to be associated with the condition. This makes it even more important for one to be vigilant so that the moment any of the signs appear, treatment can be sought and further transmission prevented.
The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this web site is for general information purposes only.
Jump up ^ Allen LB, Sidwell RW (September 1972). “Target-Organ Treatment of Neurotropic Virus Diseases: Efficacy as a Chemotherapy Tool and Comparison of Activity of Adenine Arabinoside, Cytosine Arabinoside, Idoxuridine, and Trifluorothymidine”. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2 (3): 229–33. doi:10.1128/aac.2.3.229. PMC 444296 . PMID 4790562.