Jump up ^ Stumpf MP, Laidlaw Z, Jansen VA (2002). “Herpes viruses hedge their bets”. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (23): 15234–37. Bibcode:2002PNAS…9915234S. doi:10.1073/pnas.232546899. PMC 137573 . PMID 12409612. Archived from the original on 2011-09-18.
Some people may acquire genital herpes without any knowledge it – when their partner showed no symptoms at the time and they themselves did not have any initial symptoms. They may carry the infection silently or go on to have recurrences later.
Not everyone suffers the same symptoms of genital herpes – and some people infected with the virus may never have a single attack. However, it is still possible for them to infect other people. The virus is most likely to be transmitted when it is active, while blisters are present. The beginning and the end of an outbreak, before the blisters turn to scabs, are the times during which the virus is most contagious.
Herpes sores usually appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals, rectum or mouth. The blisters break and leave painful sores that may take a week or more to heal. These symptoms are sometimes called “having an outbreak.” The first time someone has an outbreak they may also have flu-like symptoms such as fever, body aches, or swollen glands.
Abstinence from any sexual contact is the only absolute way to prevent getting an STD. Being in a long-term, monogamous relationship also is a good way to avoid STDs. There are also steps you can take to decrease the chance of getting an STD if you are sexually active, including:
Most people infected with genital herpes are not aware of their infection until their first outbreak, characterised by small red bumps, blisters or open sores on or near the genitals. There can also be a vaginal discharge, fever, headaches, muscle aches, pain during urination, as well as itching, burning or swollen glands in the genital area.
genital herpes (herpes genita´lis) herpes simplex of the genitals, a common sexually transmitted disease, usually caused by human herpesvirus 2 but occasionally by human herpesvirus 1. If it is present at term in the pregnant female, it may lead to infection of the neonate (see maternal herpes).
Even though sexually transmitted diseases are a taboo topic, herpes simplex virus (HSV) affects approximately one in five (or 50-million) Americans. This sexually transmitted viral infection is highly contagious, spreading via vaginal or anal intercourse, and through oral sex.
Acyclovir is the recommended antiviral for herpes suppressive therapy during the last months of pregnancy. The use of valaciclovir and famciclovir, while potentially improving compliance, have less-well-determined safety in pregnancy.
Herpes simplex is no different to other herpes viruses: all of us have at least three of them. Most of us have had chickenpox (herpes zoster). Chickenpox can recur as shingles when you get older. Most of us have had herpes simplex 1 or 2, or both. At least 25% of us have cytomegalovirus (HH-5). Nearly all of us are positive for Epstein Barr (HH-4) antibodies, which causes glandular fever. Even if you have not had symptomatic disease, well over 90% of the adult population is infected with the herpes simplex virus. And most of us get human herpes virus (HHV) 6 and 7 by the time we are aged two years.