Women with functional incontinence may wear protective undergarments if they worry about reaching a toilet in time. Women who have functional incontinence should talk to their health care professional about its causes and how to prevent or treat functional incontinence.
Kegel exercises can help a man regain bladder control and help with urinary incontinence. Kegel or pelvic muscle exercises are discrete exercises that strengthen the perineal or pubococcygeus muscles. Kegels help to strengthen the muscles that control urination and improve erections. These exercises are often recommended to:
The treatment for overactive bladder can vary with each individual. Guidelines suggest starting with less invasive therapies first. The recommended first line of therapy is behavioral, dietary, and lifestyle therapies. In some individuals, the addition of biofeedback is helpful. Biofeedback may be done in the office or by a physical therapist. In those individuals who do not respond adequately to behavioral, dietary, or lifestyle therapies, the addition of medications (pharmacologic therapy) is recommended as a second-line treatment. Third-line therapies consist of less-invasive surgical options (injection of botulinum toxin into the bladder wall) and electrical stimulation therapies, including sacral neuromodulation (Interstim) and peripheral nerve stimulation (PTNS). More extensive surgical therapies are available but are rarely needed for treatment of OAB that is not the result of a nervous system condition.
Changing how much you drink. If you drink large volumes, it follows that you will pass more urine. If you have incontinence, you should not restrict your fluid intake too much, as you risk having a lack of body fluid (dehydration). Restricting fluids can also irritate the bladder and so make urge incontinence worse. However, if you drink excessively, moderation may improve your symptoms. Drinking 6-8 glasses of water per day is recommended by the NHS. However, there is no scientific evidence we should drink that much. In practical terms, it is best to drink when we need to, to quench our thirst. Remember that about one fifth of the water we take every day is hidden in food and that other drinks contain water.
It is likely that the true number of people affected is much higher. Many people do not tell their doctor about their incontinence, due to embarrassment. Some people wrongly think that incontinence is a normal part of ageing or that it cannot be treated. This is unfortunate, as many cases can be successfully treated or significantly improved.
 Staskin DR, Peters KM, MacDiarmid S, Shore N, de Groat WC. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation: a clinically and cost effective addition to the overactive bladder algorithm of care. Current Urology Reports. 2012;13(5):327–334.
If lifestyle changes aren’t enough to control your symptoms, your doctor may recommend medications. If your OAB is caused by an enlarged prostate, alpha blockers can help relax the surrounding muscles to improve your urine flow. Other drugs can also help treat symptoms of OAB, including drugs that reduce spasms in your bladder. These medications can help reduce the urge to urinate.
Interstitial cystitis: This condition usually requires treatment by a urologist who specializes in interstitial cystitis. It may be treated medically with medications, including drug pentosan polysulfate sodium (Elmiron), tricyclic antidepressants, pain medications or antihistamines. Surgical treatment may be necessary.
Overflow incontinence can be caused by something blocking the urethra, which leads to urine building up in the bladder. This is often caused by enlarged prostate gland or a narrow urethra. It may also happen because of weak bladder muscles.
^ a b Bø, Kari; Herbert, Robert D. (2013-09-01). “There is not yet strong evidence that exercise regimens other than pelvic floor muscle training can reduce stress urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review”. Journal of Physiotherapy. 59 (3): 159–168. doi:10.1016/S1836-9553(13)70180-2. ISSN 1836-9553. PMID 23896331. There is not yet strong evidence that alternative exercise regimens can reduce urinary leakage in women with stress urinary incontinence.
Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and the growing uterus placing pressure on the bladder cause frequent urination, even in the early weeks of gestation. The trauma from vaginal childbirth can also cause damage to the urethra.
Tranquility Premium Overnight Underwear garners high praise from users and expert reviewers alike for its good absorbency, comfortable fit and ease of use. Absorbency is excellent and the adult pull-ons are available in a wide range of sizes. Though their thickness makes them best for overnight uses, those with heavy incontinence could consider them as an alternative to a standard adult diaper. See our full review »
The best treatment for incontinence is prevention. Exercise regularly to boost your overall health and keep weight within a healthy range. Excess weight puts extra strain on the bladder. If you’re worried about having an accident while exercising, be active somewhere that has restrooms readily accessible, like a gym. Regular exercise reduces your risk of obesity and diabetes, two conditions that may trigger urinary incontinence or make it worse. Don’t forget to do Kegel exercises regularly to strengthen and tone muscles that control urination. Avoid smoking as it can lead to chronic cough, which stresses the bladder and may trigger leaks.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
For those who are elderly and/or bedridden, they shouldn’t have to suffer either so the great news is that there are many great products available, such as the top rated ones we’ve reviewed for you, that can make things much better and comfortable.
Incontinence can take a serious toll on quality of life. Women who are affected by it report more depression and limitations in sexual and social functioning than those who do not have the condition. Those who suffer from this health concern are more likely to rely on caregivers. Incontinence also has a negative effect on self-esteem. In general, it negatively affects a woman’s quality of life, the more she should seek aggressive treatment.
Involuntary actions of bladder muscles can occur because of damage to the nerves of the bladder, to the nervous system (spinal cord and brain), or to the muscles themselves. Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, and injury-including injury that occurs during surgery-all can harm bladder nerves or muscles.