“incontinence briefs for women -urinary incontinence”

The cure rate of this procedure is reported to be somewhat higher for women than men. The collagen used can be absorbed by the body over time, so the procedure may need to be repeated. In addition, other materials exist that work as effectively as collagen and may last longer (silicone-coated beads and Coaptite, or Macroplastique).

This procedure was first described in 1913 and today is most commonly used when cystocele is an issue in addition to incontinence. Other procedures (see the following) have had better success rates at curing stress incontinence.

Urine culture. A health care professional performs a urine culture by placing part of a urine sample in a tube or dish with a substance that encourages any bacteria present to grow. A man collects the urine sample in a special container in a health care professional’s office or a commercial facility. The office or facility tests the sample onsite or sends it to a lab for culture. A health care professional can identify bacteria that multiply, usually in 1 to 3 days. A health care professional performs a urine culture to determine the best treatment when urinalysis indicates the man has a UTI. More information is provided in the NIDDK health topic, Urinary Tract Infections in Adults.

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘incontinence.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Because there are so many different causes for frequent urination, there is no one way to prevent it. Proper diet and avoiding excess fluids and foods that act as diuretics can reduce urinary frequency. Kegel exercises can keep the pelvic-floor muscles well toned and may help stave off urinary frequency as one ages. Discussing any concerning symptoms with your doctor as soon as they appear may allow for early treatment or may prevent worsening of symptoms.

^ a b c d e Qaseem, A; Dallas, P; Forciea, MA; Starkey, M; Denberg, TD; Shekelle, P; for the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of, Physicians (Sep 16, 2014). “Nonsurgical Management of Urinary Incontinence in Women: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 161 (6): 429–440. doi:10.7326/m13-2410. PMID 25222388.

Other strategies include adding shredded carrot (or just leaving a carrot or potato in the pot for a while to “soak up” the acid), stirring in some heavy cream, or even sprinkling in a bit of baking soda (1/4 teaspoon per gallon or so) to neutralize the acidity.

Chapple C, Sievert KD, Macdiarmid S, Khullar V, Radziszewski P, Nardo C, et al. OnabotulinumtoxinA 100 U significantly improves all idiopathic overactive bladder symptoms and quality of life in patients with overactive bladder and urinary incontinence: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eur Urol. 2013 Aug. 64(2):249-56. [Medline].

Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. For details see our conditions.

It is important to know which type of incontinence you have. Tell your doctor if you leak urine on a regular basis. He or she will be able to assess your symptoms, examine you and may do some simple tests to try to clarify the cause. You may also be asked to keep a diary for at least three days to assess:

Jump up ^ American Urogynecologic Society (May 5, 2015), “Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question”, Choosing Wisely: an initiative of the ABIM Foundation, American Urogynecologic Society, archived from the original on June 2, 2015, retrieved June 1, 2015

Studies show that many things increase risk. For example, aging is linked to urinary incontinence. Pregnancy, delivery, and number of children increase the risk in women. Women who have had a baby have higher rates of urinary incontinence. The risk increases with the number of children. This is true for cesarean section (c-section) and vaginal delivery.

OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) is a toxin that is injected directly into the bladder muscle with a cystoscope and may be repeated every four to six months. The effects of the toxin are to prevent the release of chemicals from the nerves that supply the bladder, preventing stimulation of the bladder muscle. As the chemical cannot spread very far when injected, to treat the bladder adequately, multiple injections of a small amount of the toxin are necessary for the treatment to be effective. In most individuals, this can be done in the office. The treatment does not cause permanent changes and thus will require periodic retreatments for the effect to be continued. Serious side effects are unusual but may include difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, difficulty talking, muscle weakness, and more commonly, urinary tract infection and urinary retention. Individuals undergoing injection of Botox into the bladder muscle must be to perform clean, intermittent catheterization to empty the bladder.

The first step in solving a urinary problem is talking with your health care provider. Your general medical history, including any major illnesses or surgeries, and details about your continence problem and when it started will help your doctor determine the cause. You should talk about how much fluid you drink a day and whether you use alcohol or caffeine. You should also talk about the medicines you take, both prescription and nonprescription, because they might be part of the problem.

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Treatment for improper urination: Im 28yr old male.After I urinate completely,still some drops comes out, which makes me dirty,and my testicles became small. I dont know for what reason. Can you suggest me.

Another risk factor for frequent urination is pregnancy. The growing uterus can place extra pressure on the bladder during pregnancy. As a result, a woman may have to go to the bathroom more frequently.

Menopause can also affect bladder control. When women no longer have their periods, their bodies stop making estrogen. This hormone can impact the lining of the bladder and urethra. As a result, a woman may experience the need to urinate more frequently.

Antidepressants: There are a number of classes of antidepressants, all with varying pharmacologic properties. This makes it difficult to generalize the underlying mechanisms that lead to urinary incontinence as a result of antidepressant use. However, all antidepressants result in urinary retention and, eventually, in overflow incontinence. Most antidepressants are inhibitors of norepinephrine and/or serotonin uptake. Some also act as antagonists at adrenergic, cholinergic, or histaminergic receptors at therapeutic doses.1

Similarly, fear of an accident, or being far from a bathroom, can cause social anxiety in those with OAB. In more severe cases, people with OAB may avoid social situations or change their daily routine altogether.

Alternative exercises have been studied for stress urinary incontinence in women.[27] Evidence was insufficient to support the use of Paula method, abdominal muscle training, Pilates, Tai Chi, breathing exercises, postural training, and generalized fitness.[27]

Less frequent causes of urinary incontinence include complications of urologic procedures or pelvic radiation therapy. In the pediatric population, it includes enuresis and congenital abnormalities of the genitourinary system.

Go to the toilet only when you need to. Some people get into the habit of going to the toilet more often than they need. They may go when their bladder only has a small amount of urine so as ‘not to be caught short’. This again may sound sensible, as some people think that symptoms of an overactive bladder will not develop if the bladder does not fill very much and is emptied regularly. However, again, this can make symptoms worse in the long run. If you go to the toilet too often the bladder becomes used to holding less urine. The bladder may then become even more sensitive and overactive at times when it is stretched a little. So, you may find that when you need to hold on a bit longer (for example, if you go out), symptoms are worse than ever.

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Tiny bladders due to radiation or tuberculosis can be enlarged surgically. A segment of intestine is patched onto the opened bladder, thereby increasing the capacity. Patients with intractable bladder instability who have failed medical treatment can also be treated in this way.

Diuretics: The purpose of a diuretic is to increase the formation of urine by the kidneys. As a result, diuretics increase urinary frequency and may cause urinary urgency and incontinence by overwhelming the patient’s bladder capacity. One study reported a link between diuretics and/or conditions associated with their use and urinary incontinence in community-dwelling women.26 In another study, the use of a loop diuretic with an alpha-blocker almost doubled the risk of urinary incontinence versus alpha-blockers alone, but no increased risk was noted when thiazide diuretics or potassium-sparing diuretics were added to the alpha-blockers.27

When the bladder doesn’t empty properly, urine spills over, causing overflow incontinence. Weak bladder muscles or a blocked urethra can cause this type of incontinence. Nerve damage from diabetes or other diseases can lead to weak bladder muscles; tumors and urinary stones can block the urethra. Men with overflow incontinence may have to urinate often, yet they release only small amounts of urine or constantly dribble urine.

Doctors can prescribe a number of medications to treat an overactive bladder. These medications are usually known as antispasmodics or anticholinergics. They reduce the incidence of muscle spasms, such as the spasms in the bladder.

Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including females, the elderly, men with enlarged prostates, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for bladder infection. Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics, but cranberry products and adequate hydration may help prevent bladder infections.

Age. As you get older, the muscles in your bladder and urethra lose some of their strength. Changes with age reduce how much your bladder can hold and increase the chances of involuntary urine release.

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No specific preparation is necessary for the first visit. The health professional will want to check a urine sample, so it is best not to empty the bladder immediately prior to the visit. The health professional will take a detailed history and perform a physical examination. The examination should include a vaginal and a rectal examination. Subsequent tests or procedures are usually scheduled for a mutually convenient time.

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Caffeine. This is in tea, coffee and cola and is part of some painkiller tablets. Caffeine has the effect of making urine form more often (a diuretic effect). Caffeine may also directly stimulate the bladder to make urgency symptoms worse. It may be worth trying without caffeine for a week or so to see if symptoms improve. If symptoms do improve, you may not want to give up caffeine completely. However, you may wish to limit the times that you have a caffeine-containing drink. Also, you will know to be near to a toilet whenever you have caffeine.

In rare cases when all OAB treatment fails and overactive bladder is severe, doctors may recommend one of several types of surgery. A procedure called bladder augmentation uses part of the bowel to increase bladder capacity. Another procedure implants a small device, similar to a pacemaker, under the skin. The device is connected to a wire, which sends small electrical pulses to nerves around the pelvic floor that control the bladder and muscles surrounding it.

Studies on biofeedback combined with pelvic floor exercises show a 54%-87% improvement with incontinence. Biofeedback also has been used successfully in the treatment of men with urge incontinence and intermittent stress incontinence after prostate surgery.

People with OAB feel the need to urinate more often than usual, usually eight or more times in 24 hours. They typically have less urine in the bladder compared to people with normal bladder function. If you have OAB, you may need to frequently leave social situations to relieve yourself. The frequency of OAB isn’t usually tied to consumption of fluids. The need to urinate often is present whether you limit fluid intake or not.

Sandip P Vasavada, MD Associate Professor of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine; Physician, Center for Female Urology and Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgery, The Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute; Joint Appointment with Women’s Institute, Cleveland Clinic

Stress incontinence occurs when the muscles around your urethra become too weak to prevent the urine in your bladder from escaping when the bladder pressure rises with increased abdominal pressure. Even the small amount of stress created by coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting can result in a bit of leaking. Many women experience this after vaginal childbirth and menopause and aging, and adjust their lives by wearing pads and diapers.

Urine analysis (UA) to assess for infection, blood cells in the urine, and high levels of glucose (sugar) in the urine is recommended. Occasionally, urine cytology (to look for cancer cells in the bladder) is sometimes advised in individuals undergoing evaluation of urinary incontinence and overactive bladder, particularly individuals with blood cells in the urine (hematuria). Bladder ultrasound measurement of the amount of urine left in the bladder after urination (called post-void residual) may also provide additional information about the cause of urinary incontinence (obstruction to urine flow or weak bladder muscle) but is not needed in all individuals with OAB symptoms.

Women may also learn how to perform Kegel exercises properly by using biofeedback. Biofeedback uses special sensors to measure bodily functions, such as muscle contractions that control urination. A video screen displays the measurements as graphs, and sounds indicate when the woman is using the correct muscles. The health care professional uses the information to help the woman change abnormal function of the pelvic floor muscles. At home, the woman practices to improve muscle function. The woman can perform the exercises while lying down, sitting at a desk, or standing up. Success with pelvic floor exercises depends on the cause of UI, its severity, and the woman’s ability to perform the exercises on a regular basis.

Changing how much you drink. If you drink large volumes, it follows that you will pass more urine. If you have incontinence, you should not restrict your fluid intake too much, as you risk having a lack of body fluid (dehydration). Restricting fluids can also irritate the bladder and so make urge incontinence worse. However, if you drink excessively, moderation may improve your symptoms. Drinking 6-8 glasses of water per day is recommended by the NHS. However, there is no scientific evidence we should drink that much. In practical terms, it is best to drink when we need to, to quench our thirst. Remember that about one fifth of the water we take every day is hidden in food and that other drinks contain water.

Traditional surgery is rarely used in treating overactive bladder and is reserved for cases unresponsive to all other forms of therapy. Reconstructive bladder surgery is the most commonly performed procedure.

Wallner LP, Porten S, Meenan RT, O’Keefe Rosetti MC, Calhoun EA, Sarma AV, et al. Prevalence and severity of undiagnosed urinary incontinence in women. Am J Med. 2009 Nov. 122(11):1037-42. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Willis-Gray, M. G., Dieter, A. A., & Geller, E. J. (2016, July 27). Evaluation and management of overactive bladder: Strategies for optimizing care.Research and Reports in Urology, 8, 113–122. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4968994

Indwelling catheters (also known as foleys) are very often used in hospital settings or if the user is not able to handle any of the above solutions himself. The indwelling catheter is typically connected to a urine bag that can be worn on the leg or hang on the side of the bed. Indwelling catheters need to be changed on a regular basis by a health care professional. The advantage of indwelling catheters are, that the urine gets funneled away from the body keeping the skin dry. The disadvantage, however, is that it is very common to get urinary tract infections when using indwelling catheters.[30]

^ Shamliyan, T; Wyman, JF; Ramakrishnan, R; Sainfort, F; Kane, RL (Jun 19, 2012). “Benefits and harms of pharmacologic treatment for urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 156 (12): 861–74. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-156-12-201206190-00436. PMID 22711079.

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“incontinence in elderly +incontinence devices male”

A 2013 randomized controlled trial found no benefit of adding biofeedback to pelvic floor muscle exercise in stress urinary incontinence, but observing improvements in both groups.[25][non-primary source needed] In another randomized controlled trial the addition of biofeedback to the training of pelvic floor muscles for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence, improved pelvic floor muscle function, reduced urinary symptoms, and improved of the quality of life.[26][non-primary source needed]

A person with OAB can keep a diary of urinary habits, including bathroom trips, leakage, and symptoms of urgency. Based on the patterns noticed from the diary, they can begin to schedule trips by adding on 15 minutes to the usual urination times.

Kris Strohbehn, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American College of Surgeons, American Urogynecologic Society, and Society of Gynecologic Surgeons

Medicines can affect bladder control in different ways. Some medicines help prevent incontinence by blocking abnormal nerve signals that make the bladder contract at the wrong time, while others slow the production of urine. Still others relax the bladder or shrink the prostate. Before prescribing a medicine to treat incontinence, your doctor may consider changing a prescription you already take. For example, diuretics are often prescribed to treat high blood pressure because they reduce fluid in the body by increasing urine production. Some men may find that switching from a diuretic to another kind of blood pressure medicine takes care of their incontinence.

Urinalysis (urine test, drug test) is a test performed on a patient’s urine sample to diagnose conditions and diseases such as urinary tract infection, kidney infection, kidney stones, inflammation of the kidneys, or screen for progression of conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

Urinalysis . The microscopic examination of urine that also involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine. There’s a broader term called urodynamics which includes tests such as cystometry, uroflowmetry, urethral pressure and others

An age-related pattern also appears in the predominant type of urinary incontinence experienced. In general, studies have shown that stress urinary incontinence tends to be more common in women younger than 65 years, while urge urinary incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence is more common in women older than 65 years.

During sacral nerve stimulation, a surgically implanted device delivers electrical impulses to the nerves (sacral nerves) that regulate bladder activity. The unit is placed beneath the skin of the buttocks, about where the back pocket is on a pair of pants. In this image, the device is shown out of place to allow a better view of the unit.

The cure rate of this procedure is reported to be somewhat higher for women than men. The collagen used can be absorbed by the body over time, so the procedure may need to be repeated. In addition, other materials exist that as effectively as collagen and may last longer (silicone-coated beads and Coaptite, or Macroplastique).

What Kind of Clothing is being worn? – If you or the person you’re shopping for wears loose clothing, a premium diaper’s bulk will not typically be an issue but it can be for those who wear tighter clothing. If tight clothing is regularly worn, you will want to find products that are more discreet and that won’t show under the clothing.

Because bladder infection, or urinary tract infection, can cause symptoms similar to urge incontinence, the doctor may obtain a sample of urine for urinalysis and urine culture to see if any bacteria are present.

In total, an estimated $12.6 billion per year is spent in OAB-related costs in the United States (see the image below). Some of these costs (eg, those related to physician visits, protective devices, management of UTIs, and skin infection and irritation) are obvious. Others are not. For example, decreased productivity and lost wages due to OAB is estimated to cost $841 million per year.

Best treatments for an overactive bladder Learn about different treatment options for an overactive bladder, such as dietary and lifestyle changes. Also learn how to monitor an overactive bladder. Read now

A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Caral tunnel and sciatica are two examples of conditions caused by a pinched nerve. A pinched nerve is diagnosed by taking a patient history and performing a physical examination. Electromyography may be performed. Treatment for a pinched nerve depends on the underlying cause.

I would suggest taking your waist measurement at the belly button and your hip measurement at the widest point. With these measurements, check the sizing charts for each product. Once you have decided on the style of product, then select the product you would like and order the package size to see if it works for you.

Jump up ^ Gray, M; Beeckman, D; Bliss, DZ; Fader, M; Logan, S; Junkin, J; Selekof, J; Doughty, D; Kurz, P (Jan–Feb 2012). “Incontinence-associated dermatitis: a comprehensive review and update”. Journal of wound, ostomy, and continence nursing : official publication of The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society / WOCN. 39 (1): 61–74. doi:10.1097/WON.0b013e31823fe246. PMID 22193141.

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In stress incontinence, the improvement rate with alpha-agonists is 19-74%; improvement rates with muscle exercise and surgery, improvement rates are 87% and 88%, respectively. [45] In urge incontinence, the improvement rate is higher with bladder training (75%) than with the use of anticholinergics (44%). Surgical options for urge incontinence are limited and have a high morbidity.

The diagnosis of overactive bladder can be suspected based on the history and presenting complaints of an individual. A thorough medical history and physical examination by the doctor and review of the medications and symptoms often provide major clues in moving toward making a diagnosis of overactive bladder. A pelvic exam in women and prostate exam in men are important in the assessment of an individual with overactive bladder.

Common irritants such as soap or shampoo may cause inflammation of the skin, and lead to vulvovaginitis. Poor toilet hygiene, not wiping or wiping incorrectly after urination can cause vulvovaginitis. [3]

A related way of describing the mechanism of hypermobility-related stress incontinence is the hammock theory posited by DeLancey. [13] Normally, an acute increase in intra-abdominal pressure applies a downward force to the urethra. The urethra is then compressed shut against the firm support provided by the anterior vaginal wall and associated endopelvic connective tissue sheath. If the endopelvic connective tissue is detached from its normal lateral fixation points at the arcus tendineus fascia pelvis, optimal urethral compression does not take place.

Collecting systems (for men) – consists of a sheath worn over the penis funneling the urine into a urine bag worn on the leg. These products come in a variety of materials and sizes for individual fit. Studies [29] show that urisheaths and urine bags are preferred over absorbent products – in particular when it comes to ‘limitations to daily activities’. Solutions exist for all levels of incontinence. Advantages with collecting systems are that they are discreet, the skin stays dry all the time, and they are convenient to use both day and night. Disadvantages are that it is necessary to get measured to ensure proper fit and you need a health care professional to write a prescription for them.

Are you or a person you care for having accidents before making it to the toilet? It’s time to clear your path of obstacles so you can get there faster. Help yourself once you’re there by wearing easy-to-release clothes – think elastic waistbands and Velcro closures. Louise says if it’s got to that stage there are ways of coping, take the aisle seat on a plane, go to the loo before a big presentation, if you are caring for someone make sure easy access clothing is worn.

The condition is usually the result of miscommunication between the brain and the bladder. The brain signals to the bladder that it is time to squeeze and empty, but the bladder isn’t full. As a result, the bladder starts to contract. This causes a strong urge to urinate.

If your incontinence persists and is not helped by treatment, your local continence advisor can give practical advice on how to manage. They may be able to supply incontinence pants, pads and other products. These days there are many different aids, gadgets and appliances that can greatly help when living with incontinence.

Bladder training generally consists of self-education, using the bathroom according to a schedule, consciously delaying going to the bathroom, and positive reinforcement. Although bladder training is used primarily for symptoms of urgency and findings of urge incontinence, this program may be used for simple stress incontinence and mixed incontinence. For bladder training to work, a person must resist or inhibit the feeling of urgency and wait to go to the bathroom. An individual must urinate according to a scheduled timetable rather than every time he or she has the feeling that they need to urinate.

Other names: Bladder Hyperactivity; Chronic overactivity of the bladder; Detrusor hyperreflexia; Detrusor instability; Incontinence, Urge; Irritable Bladder; OAB; Spasmodic Bladder; Unstable Bladder; Urge Incontinence; Urinary Frequency

Talk to your doctor about the proper way to perform Kegel pelvic exercises. These can strengthen your pelvic floor. Also, ask your doctor about physical therapy that targets your pelvic muscles. These go beyond Kegel exercises to broadly strengthen the muscles that support your bladder and pelvic organs.

Jump up ^ Brown, SR; Wadhawan, H; Nelson, RL (2 July 2013). “Surgery for faecal incontinence in adults”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 7: CD001757. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001757.pub4. PMID 23821339.

The exact case of an overactive bladder is unknown. The risk of developing this condition increases with age, but an overactive bladder isn’t a normal part of aging. So you shouldn’t ignore symptoms. Seeing your doctor can help make sure you get the correct diagnosis.

Liquid stool is more difficult to control than formed, solid stool. Hence, FI can be exacerbated by diarrhea.[4] Some consider diarrhea to be the most common aggravating factor.[2] Where diarrhea is caused by temporary problems such as mild infections or food reactions, incontinence tends to be short lived. Chronic conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn’s disease, can cause severe diarrhea lasting for weeks or months. Diseases, drugs, and indigestible dietary fats that interfere with the intestineal absorption may cause steatorrhea (oily rectal discharge & fatty diarrhea) and degrees of FI. Respective examples include cystic fibrosis, orlistat, and olestra. Postcholecystectomy diarrhea is diarrhea that occurs following gall bladder removal, due to excess bile acid.[citation needed] Orlistat is an anti-obesity (weight loss) drug that blocks the absorption of fats. This may give side effects of FI, diarrhea and steatorrhea.[17]

Age. As you get older, the muscles in your bladder and urethra lose some of their strength. Changes with age reduce how much your bladder can hold and increase the chances of involuntary urine release.

Frequent urination is the need to urinate more than you normally would. The urge can strike suddenly and can cause you to lose control of your bladder. It can feel uncomfortable, like your bladder is extremely full. This is also referred to as having an overactive bladder. Urologists, which are doctors that specialize in the urinary system, consider going more than eight times in 24 hours to be frequent urination.

[8] Staskin DR, Peters KM, MacDiarmid S, Shore N, de Groat WC. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation: a clinically and cost effective addition to the overactive bladder algorithm of care. Current Urology Reports. 2012;13(5):327–334.

Frequency was the most common symptom (85%), followed by urgency (54%) and urgency incontinence (36%). The prevalence of OAB increased with age, and rates in men and women were similar. Symptoms of urinary urgency and frequency were similar between both sexes, but urgency incontinence was more prevalent in women than in men.

There are no alternative medicine therapies that have been proved to cure urinary incontinence. Early studies have shown that acupuncture can provide some short-term benefit, but more research is needed. Yoga may also provide some benefit for urinary incontinence, but more study is needed.

In cases of overflow incontinence resulting from obstruction, some people respond well to temporary continuous Foley catheter drainage. Their bladder capacity returns to normal, and the strength of their bladder (detrusor) muscle improves. This treatment is more likely to benefit people without neurologic injury. It usually takes at least one week of catheter drainage depending on the degree of bladder muscle injury to see the benefits. If the incontinence has not resolved after four weeks, then the bladder is unlikely to recover using catheter drainage alone.

Diagnosis of OAB is made primarily on the person’s signs and symptoms and by ruling out other possible causes such as an infection.[3] Urodynamics, a bladder scope, and ultrasound are generally not needed.[3][17] Additionally, urine culture may be done to rule out infection. The frequency/volume chart may be maintained and cystourethroscopy may be done to exclude tumor and kidney stones. If there is an underlying metabolic or pathologic condition that explains the symptoms, the symptoms may be considered part of that disease and not OAB.

For overactive bladder, you’re likely to start by seeing your primary doctor. After your initial appointment, you may be referred to a specialist in urinary disorders in men and women (urologist), a specialist in urinary disorders in women (urogynecologist), or a specialist in physical therapy for diagnosis and treatment.

This product works well for bedridden patients or loved ones due to the increased moisture lock for urine and also provide fecal containment as well as odor control. For those who can’t get to the bathroom on their own, this enables them to not have their skin breakdown due to being subjected to moisture and bacteria.

The urinary tract is the body’s drainage system for removing urine, which is composed of wastes and extra fluid. For normal urination to occur, all body parts in the urinary tract need to work together in the correct order.

Lee YS, Choo MS, Lee JY, et al. Symptom change after discontinuation of successful antimuscarinic treatment in patients with overactive bladder symptoms: a randomised, multicentre trial. Int J Clin Pract. 2011 Sep. 65(9):997-1004. [Medline].

[Guideline] Gormley EA, Lightner DJ, Faraday M, Vasavada SP, American Urological Association, Society of Urodynamics, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of overactive bladder (non-neurogenic) in adults: AUA/SUFU guideline amendment. J Urol. 2015 May. 193 (5):1572-80. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Age-related changes that affect the kidneys do not in and of themselves cause disease, but the changes do reduce the amount of available reserve kidney function. Which of the following is NOT an age-related change affecting the kidneys?

Urgency incontinence happens when a man urinates involuntarily after he has a strong desire, or urgency, to urinate. Involuntary bladder contractions are a common cause of urgency incontinence. Abnormal nerve signals might cause these bladder contractions.

Stress incontinence can be caused by childbirth, weight gain, or other conditions that stretch the pelvic floor muscles . When these muscles can’t support your bladder properly, the bladder drops down and pushes against the vagina. You can’t tighten the muscles that close off the urethra. So urine may because of the extra pressure on the bladder when you cough, sneeze, laugh, exercise, or do other activities.

With biofeedback, the patient knows that he or she is strengthening the pelvic muscles that need rehabilitation. The benefit of biofeedback therapy is that it provides minute-by-minute feedback on the quality and intensity of one’s pelvic floor contraction.

If urinary frequency occurs on its own with no immediately treatable illness, it can affect a woman’s quality of life. A woman may not be able to sleep well due to having to wake up to go to the bathroom very often. She may also refrain from social events for fear of having to go to the bathroom too frequently.

Neuromodulation is a newer method of treating overactive bladder with electrical stimulation that results in reorganization of the spinal reflexes involved in bladder control. There are two types of neuromodulation available: percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) and sacral neuromodulation (Interstim). PTNS is performed in the office and is usually performed once a week for 12 weeks with periodic therapies thereafter to maintain a response. It involves placing a small needle into the area near the ankle and administering electrical stimulation. Sacral neuromodulation is usually performed in two stages. The first stage involves the placement of wires (leads) into areas in the sacrum and then using a small generator to test the response to stimulation. If there is a 50% or more improvement in symptoms the wires (leads) are internalized and an internal generator is placed, typically under the skin near the buttocks.

Recent women’s health studies performed with the Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network (UITN) compared the suspension and sling procedures and found that, 2 years after surgery, about two-thirds of women with a sling and about half of women with a suspension were cured of stress incontinence. Women with a sling, however, had more urinary tract infections, voiding problems, and urge incontinence than women with a suspension. Overall, 86 percent of women with a sling and 78 percent of women with a suspension said they were satisfied with their results. Women who are interested in joining a study for urinary incontinence can go to www.ClinicalTrials.gov for a list of current studies recruiting patients.

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Eat well to prevent constipation and to maintain a healthy body weight – eat plenty of wholegrain foods (such as porridge, brown rice, wholemeal pasta, wholemeal bread, or pulses – lentils and beans) rather than highly processed or refined food and at least two pieces of fruit and five serves of vegetables every day.

Urodynamics. These are tests of urine flow that are sometimes done in a hospital unit if the cause of the problem is not clear. Urodynamics may also be carried out where surgery is considered to treat the problem (see below).

Understand your child’s concerns. Figure out the reason that could be possibly triggering the situation or stressing him out. You can do this by talking and communicating with your little one. Some of the reasons that can stress out kids include:

There are many possible causes for being incontinent of urine, and sometimes there are several causes occurring at the same time. Diagnosis and therapy are more difficult when more than one cause is present, but the cause or causes of incontinence must be identified to provide effective treatment.

Experiencing occasional incontinence doesn’t mean you have an overactive bladder. Urine leakage can also occur for other reasons. It can happen if you’re laughing too hard. You may also experience loss of urine if you’ve been fighting the urge to urinate for an extended period of time. An overactive bladder is determined by the frequency and urgency of urination. Symptoms include:

What’s to know about frequent urination in women? Frequent trips to the bathroom can have a variety of causes in women. Find out more about the symptoms, complications, and when to see a doctor. Read now

Functional FI is common.[20] The Rome process published diagnostic criteria for functional FI, which they defined as “recurrent uncontrolled passage of fecal material in an individual with a developmental age of at least 4 years”. The diagnostic criteria are, one or more of the following factors present for the last 3 months: abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, minor abnormalities of sphincter structure/innervation (nerve supply), normal or disordered bowel habits, (i.e., fecal retention or diarrhea), and psychological causes. Furthermore, exclusion criteria are given. These are factors which all must be excluded for a diagnosis of functional FI, and are abnormal innervation caused by lesion(s) within the brain (e.g., dementia), spinal cord (at or below T12), or sacral nerve roots, or mixed lesions (e.g., multiple sclerosis), or as part of a generalized peripheral or autonomic neuropathy (e.g., due to diabetes), anal sphincter abnormalities associated with a multisystem disease (e.g., scleroderma), and structural or neurogenic abnormalities that are the major cause.[21]

OAB can have devastating effects on quality of life (QoL), [19, 20] but its impact is not limited to this (as is often mistakenly assumed). Urinary incontinence remains one of the most common indications for admission to nursing homes. In addition, OAB and urinary incontinence are associated with other medical comorbidities, such as urinary tract infection (UTI), skin infection and irritation, and, in elderly persons, an increased risk of falls and fractures (see Presentation). The economic impact of OAB is also considerable. [21]

In 2006, seventeen students taking a geriatrics pharmacotherapy course participated in a voluntary “diaper experience” exercise to help them understand the impact incontinence has on older adults. The students, who wore adult diapers for a day before writing a paper about it, described the experience as unfamiliar and physically challenging, noting that being in diapers had a largely negative impact on them and that better solutions to incontinence are required. However, they praised the exercise for giving them insight into incontinence and the effect it has on peoples’ lives.[31]

Bladder control problems in men (urinary incontinence). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/bladder-control-problems-men. Accessed March 18, 2017.

A vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal communication between the bladder and the vagina. With large fistulae there is a constant leakage of all of the urine via the vagina. A patient with a tiny fistula may pass urine in the normal way, as well as suffer from a constant leak from the vagina.

Activities like coughing, sneezing, lifting of heavy objects or getting up from a chair causes an increase in intra-abdominal pressure that is associated leakage of urine. In very mild cases only a few drops of urine are lost with strenuous activity. In severe cases large amounts of urine can leak with moderate increases in intra-abdominal pressure.

Figure 4. Side view. Supporting sutures in place following retropubic or transvaginal suspension (left). Sling in place, secured to the pubic bone (center). The ends of the transobturator tape supporting the urethra are pulled through incisions in the groin to achieve the right amount of support (right). The tape ends are removed when the incisions are closed.

The capacity (absorption) varies with the size. The size X-Small and small holds up to twenty fluid ounces (that is 2.5 cups of fluid). Remember the average adult bladder holds sixteen fluid ounces. The size medium and up to 2XL will hold thirty-four fluid ounces (that is over four cups of fluid or over two full bladder losses).

Similarly, fear of an accident, or being far from a bathroom, can cause social anxiety in those with OAB. In more severe cases, people with OAB may avoid social situations or change their daily routine altogether.

An adult diaper (or adult nappy) is a diaper made to be worn by a person with a body larger than that of an infant or toddler. Diapers can be necessary for adults with various conditions, such as incontinence, mobility impairment, severe diarrhoea or dementia. Adult diapers are made in various forms, including those resembling traditional child diapers, underpants, and pads resembling sanitary napkins (known as incontinence pads).

Several types of surgery are also available. The least invasive involve implanting small nerve stimulators just beneath the skin. The nerves they stimulate control the pelvic floor and the devices can manipulate contractions in the organs and muscles within the pelvic floor.

Vaginal weight training can be used to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and treat stress incontinence in women. Vaginal weights look like tampons and are used to enhance pelvic floor muscle exercises. Shaped like a small cone, vaginal weights are available in a set of five, with increasing weights (for example, 20 g, 32.5 g, 45 g, 60 g, and 75 g). As part of a progressive resistive exercise program, a single weight is inserted into the vagina and held in place by tightening the muscles around the vagina for as long as 15 minutes. As the levator ani muscles become stronger, the exercise duration may be increased to 30 minutes.

Individuals who continue to experience urinary incontinence need to find a management solution that matches their individual situation. The use of mechanical devices has not been well studied in women as of 2014.[28]

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Exercising the muscles of the pelvis such as with Kegel exercises are a first line treatment for women with stress incontinence.[21] Efforts to increase the time between urination, known as bladder training, is recommended in those with urge incontinence.[21] Both these may be used in those with mixed incontinence.[21]

Additional Products or Alternatives – For overnight use of the McKesson Protective Underwear Ultra is may be necessary to add a booster pad. At night your body relaxes and tends to have a heavier flow. This can be handled by the addition of a booster pad to the interior of the product. Some add a cover-up as added additional protection for their nighttime or daytime use.

OAB causes strong, sudden urges to urinate. This isn’t the same as when you wait too long to use the bathroom and the urge gets gradually stronger as time passes. This symptom can arise quickly and without warning, even when you’ve recently urinated. In some cases, people with OAB may not be able to make it to a bathroom in time, and urine involuntarily leaks from their bladder. This is called urinary incontinence.

In women with stress urinary incontinence, either or both mechanisms may be present, although some authors hold that stress incontinence does not develop in patients with poor pelvic support unless intrinsic sphincter deficiency is also present. Intrinsic sphincter deficiency, resulting from loss of function of both the internal and the external sphincter mechanism, is the only cause of stress incontinence in males.

An overactive bladder is another common cause of frequent urination. According to the American Urological Association, an estimated 33 million Americans have an overactive bladder. This affects about 40 percent of all women. Overactive bladder is usually a collection of symptoms that can lead to frequent urination as a result of overactive bladder muscles. Common symptoms include:

Urinary incontinence results from both urologic and non-urologic causes. Urologic causes can be classified as either bladder or urethral dysfunction and may include detrusor overactivity, poor bladder compliance, urethral hypermobility or intrinsic sphincter deficiency. Non-urologic causes may include infection, medication or drugs, psychological factors, polyuria, stool impaction, and restricted mobility.[9]

For women, the bladder often changes after the body goes through menopause and makes OAB more likely. One theory is that there is a loss of estrogen that makes up bladder tissue. Or, it’s just due to aging or a combination of both.

Blood test. A blood test involves drawing blood at a health care professional’s office or a commercial facility and sending the sample to a lab for analysis. The blood test can show problems with kidney function or a chemical imbalance in the body.

About Overactive Bladder:  Overactive bladder is a problem with bladder storage function that causes a sudden urge to urinate. The urge may be difficult to suppress, and overactive bladder can lead to the involuntary loss of urine (incontinence).

Social and emotional stress. The most common psychogenic triggers include school problems, academic difficulties, emotional problems at home, changes in conditions at home like a death loved family member or birth of a new sibling

There are many different food items that aggravate the bladder and may accentuate urinary problems, which include excess urination. Given below are some of the foods that should be avoided in case you are trying to treat frequent urination:

Mark A Silverberg, MD, MMB, FACEP Assistant Professor, Associate Residency Director, Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York Downstate College of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Department of Emergency Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Kings County Hospital, University Hospital, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center

Pregnancy: Frequent urination often accompanies pregnancy. There may not be much that can be done to reduce frequent urination, especially later in the pregnancy. Reduce consumption of diuretic fluids that contain caffeine, such as tea, soda or coffee, however, do not reduce overall fluid intake, as it is important to stay hydrated while pregnant. Consume most fluids during the day to reduce nighttime trips to the bathroom. When using the bathroom, it may help to lean forward slightly to help completely empty out the bladder.

What’s to know about frequent urination in women? Frequent trips to the bathroom can have a variety of causes in women. Find out more about the symptoms, complications, and when to see a doctor. Read now

Bladder training can be difficult but becomes easier with time and perseverance. It works best if combined with advice and support from a continence advisor, nurse or doctor. Make sure you drink a normal amount of fluids when you do bladder training (see above).

Bowel retraining: This routine encourages normal bowel movements and helps you achieve greater control by becoming more aware of the need to use the toilet. It may incorporate various aspects such as making a conscious effort to have a bowel movement at a specific time of day and using suppositories to stimulate bowel movements.

Tolterodine (Detrol, Detrol LA) is indicated for the treatment of an overactive bladder with symptoms of urinary frequency, urgency, or urge incontinence. This medication affects the salivary glands less oxybutynin, thus, it is better tolerated with fewer side effects (dry mouth). Detrol is usually prescribed twice a day, whereas the long-acting type (Detrol LA) is taken only once a day.

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Menopause can also affect bladder control. When women no longer have their periods, their bodies stop making estrogen. This hormone can impact the lining of the bladder and urethra. As a result, a woman may experience the need to urinate more frequently.

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Chapple CR, Siddiqui E. Mirabegron for the treatment of overactive bladder: a review of efficacy, safety and tolerability with a focus on male, elderly and antimuscarinic poor-responder populations, and patients with OAB in Asia. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Feb. 10 (2):131-151. [Medline].

Living with overactive bladder can be difficult. Consumer education and advocacy support groups such as the National Association for Continence can provide you with online resources and information, connecting you with people who experience overactive bladder and urge incontinence. Support groups offer the opportunity to voice concerns, learn new coping strategies and stay motivated to maintain self-care strategies.

Recent women’s health studies performed with the Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network (UITN) compared the suspension and sling procedures and found that, 2 years after surgery, about two-thirds of women with a sling and about half of women with a suspension were cured of stress incontinence. Women with a sling, however, had more urinary tract infections, voiding problems, and urge incontinence than women with a suspension. Overall, 86 percent of women with a sling and 78 percent of women with a suspension said they were satisfied with their results. Women who are interested in joining a study for urinary incontinence can go to www.ClinicalTrials.gov for a list of current studies recruiting patients.

Side effects—including dry mouth, constipation, headache, blurred vision, dry eyes, hypertension, drowsiness, urinary retention, and others—depend on which medication is prescribed and occur in approximately 20 percent of those who use these medications. Oral OAB medications should be used with caution in patients with certain types of kidney, liver, stomach, and urinary problems. Due to an increased risk for narrow-angle glaucoma, an ophthalmologist should be consulted before using OAB medications. Women who are pregnant should not take these medicines without consulting a physician.

Men also may learn how to perform Kegel exercises properly by using biofeedback. Biofeedback uses special sensors to measure bodily functions, such as muscle contractions that control urination. A video monitor displays the measurements as graphs, and sounds indicate when the man is using the correct muscles. The health care professional uses the information to help the man change abnormal function of the pelvic floor muscles. At home, the man practices to improve muscle function. The man can perform the exercises while lying down, sitting at a desk, or standing up. Success with pelvic floor exercises depends on the cause of UI, its severity, and the man’s ability to perform the exercises.

There are special exercises to strengthen the pelvic muscles. Exercises can be done alone or with vaginal cones, biofeedback therapy, or electrical stimulation. In general, exercise is a safe and effective treatment that should be used first to treat urge and mixed incontinence. These exercises must be performed correctly to be effective; if the patient is using abdominal muscles or contracting the buttocks, these exercises are being performed improperly. If individuals have difficulty identifying the levator muscles, biofeedback therapy can help. For some people, electrical stimulation further enhances pelvic muscle rehabilitation therapy.

An overactive bladder causes an uncontrollable and unstoppable urge to pass urine and the frequent need to urinate both during the daytime and night, even though the bladder may only contain a small amount of urine. It is sometimes referred to as small bladder syndrome.

Frequent urination can be an embarrassment for your child and you. However, it is crucial you believe and also convince your kid the situation is a temporary one that will soon become a distant memory. Be a pillar of support for your child and help him through this stage of his life. Isn’t that what parents do?

Treatment depends on the type of incontinence. For example: pelvic floor exercises may cure or improve stress incontinence; bladder training may help urge incontinence; medications are sometimes used to help stop urge and stress incontinence. Other types of incontinence are less common and treatments vary, depending on the cause. See the separate leaflets called Stress Incontinence, Urge Incontinence and Overactive Bladder Syndrome for more details.

stroke—a condition in which a blocked or ruptured artery in the brain or neck cuts off blood flow to part of the brain and leads to weakness, paralysis, or problems with speech, vision, or brain function

Timed voiding programs involve establishing a schedule for urination. To do this a patient fills in a chart of voiding and leaking. From the patterns that appear in the chart, the patient can plan to empty his or her bladder before he or she would otherwise leak. Some individuals find it helpful to use a vibrating reminder watch to help them remember to use the bathroom. Vibrating watches can be set to go off at certain intervals or at specific times throughout the day, depending on the watch.[21] Through this bladder training exercise, the patient can alter their bladder’s schedule for storing and emptying urine.[22]

Limitations of behavioral therapy have to do with patient motivation and ability to perform the necessary exercises or techniques. For many of the elderly, especially those with dementia or other neurologic problems, performing and adhering to these treatments can be very challenging and impractical.

Jump up ^ Omar, MI; Alexander, CE (11 June 2013). “Drug treatment for faecal incontinence in adults”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 6: CD002116. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002116.pub2. PMID 23757096.

Cortical lesions (eg, from strokes, tumors, aneurysms, or hemorrhages) can lead to inappropriate voiding secondary to depressed social awareness, decreased sensation, and/or inappropriate urethral sphincter relaxation. [24] Cerebrovascular disease doubles the risk for urinary incontinence in older women.

Doctors first ask questions about the person’s symptoms and medical history and then do a physical examination. What they find during the history and physical examination often suggests a cause of excessive urination and the tests that may need to be done (see Table: Some Causes and Features of Excessive Urination).

If you lose urine for no apparent reason after suddenly feeling the need or urge to urinate, you may have urge incontinence. A common cause of urge incontinence is inappropriate bladder contractions. Abnormal nerve signals might be the cause of these bladder spasms.

Females are more prone to incontinence than males. The female urethra is short and the continence mechanism is less well developed than in the male. The female bladder neck and urethra are also much less well supported than in the male, and are subjected to the rigours of childbirth.

The diagnosis of urinary incontinence is made based on a medical history, a physical examination and some confirmatory special tests. The health professional has to identify the type and severity of the incontinence, as well as the possible underlying cause(s).

Your urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from your body through urine. Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine is stored until you can eliminate it at an appropriate time.

A vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal communication between the bladder and the vagina. With large fistulae there is a constant leakage of all of the urine via the vagina. A patient with a tiny fistula may pass urine in the normal way, as well as suffer from a constant leak from the vagina.

Urgency incontinence happens when a man urinates involuntarily after he has a strong desire, or urgency, to urinate. Involuntary bladder contractions are a common cause of urgency incontinence. Abnormal nerve signals might cause these bladder contractions.

Drugs. For urge incontinence, medications known as anticholinergics/antimuscarinics (Detrol, Ditropan XL, Enablex, Oxytrol, Urispas, and Vesicare) can prevent bladder spasms. Oxytrol, Detrol, Ditropan XL, Myrbetriq, and Vesicare also are approved for women with overactive bladder (OAB). Oxytrol is available without a prescription. OAB is a condition in which the bladder squeezes too often or without warning, resulting in incontinence. Also, Botox injected into the muscle causes the bladder to relax, increasing its storage capacity and reducing episodes of urinary incontinence. It can be used for adults who do not respond to or can’t use the medications listed above.

The diagnosis of overactive bladder is based on the presence of symptoms, while excluding other conditions that may cause similar symptoms. This is based on history, physical examination, and a urine test. Waking up to urinate one or more times at night, urinary frequency (urinating at least eight times daily), urinary urgency, and urinary incontinence are all important clues in evaluating someone suspected of having overactive bladder.

A 2010 summary of research studies presented at an international meeting of doctors who study incontinence illustrates just how common this condition can be. In particular, studies showed that some degree of urinary incontinence was reported by 25-45% of women…

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The health care professional will take a medical history and ask about symptoms, patterns of urination and urine leakage, bowel function, medications, history of childbirth, and past pelvic operations. To prepare for the visit with the health care professional, a woman may want to keep a bladder diary for several days beforehand. Information that a woman should record in a bladder diary includes

Additional Products or Alternatives – You also can add booster pads to add to the capacity of the product (see honorable mention below). Additionally, a good product for daytime use with same features is the Tranquility Slimline Disposable brief.

There is nothing more annoying at work, or during a social event, than to have to constantly get up to use the bathroom. Not only is it uncomfortable and it can also be quite embarrassing for some. The good news is that you’re not necessarily stuck with a lifetime of frequent visits to the “loo.” Instead, it’s likely just a sign that something in your health or diet is out of balance.

You may be wondering how much is “normal” to pee in one day? The typical urine output in a 24-hour period varies between 4-8 times daily, depending on food and liquid intake and activity level. You may be peeing more often because its hot outside and you’re drinking more water, or perhaps work has been busy and your caffeine intake has increased. On the other hand, increased urination can also be a red flag for more serious medical conditions.

Overactive bladder can occur at any age, but it is most common in the elderly population. Recent surveys have suggested a prevalence of 10%-20% in the population over 40 years of age with similar numbers in men compared to women. It is worth mentioning, however, that men tend to develop this condition later in life than do women.

Incontinence occurs when micturition physiology, functional toileting ability, or both have been disrupted. [8] The underlying pathology varies among the different types of incontinence (ie, stress, urge, mixed, reflex, overflow, and functional incontinence).

While the first mention of urinary incontinence occurs in 1500 BC in the Ebers Papyrus, the first mention of FI in a medical context is unknown.[43] For many centuries, colonic irrigation was the only treatment available. Stoma creation was described in 1776, FI associated with rectal prolapse in 1873 and anterior sphincter repair in 1875. During the mid 20th Century, several operations were developed for instances where the sphincters were intact but weakened.[44] Muscle transpositions using the gluteus maximus or the gracilis were devised, but did not become used widely until later. End-to-end sphincteroplasty is shown to have a high failure rate in 1940. In 1971 Parks and McPartlin first describe an overlapping sphincteroplasty procedure. Biofeedback is first introduced in 1974.[45] In 1975, Parks describes post anal repair, a technique to reinforce the pelvic floor and EAS to treat idiopathic cases. Endoanal ultrasound is invented in 1991, which starts to demonstrate the high number of occult sphincter tears following vaginal deliveries. In 1994, the use of an endoanal coil during pelvic MRI shows greater detail of the anal canal than previously. During the last 20 years, dynamic graciliplasty, sacral nerve stimulation, injectable perianal bulking agents and radiofrequency ablation have been devised, mainly due to the relatively poor success rates and high morbidity associated with the earlier procedures.[44]

Absorption – The McKesson Protective Underwear Ultra is designed for moderate to heavy absorption needs. It contains a dual core that will quickly wick away any fluids from the skin and retain it in the center core. This also neutralizes the pH to reduce odor at the same time.

Although overactive bladder isn’t thought to be a life-threatening condition, the condition can greatly affect a person’s quality of life. Many treatments are available to lessen symptoms, although doctors can’t cure the condition.

Nocturia is a symptom where the person complains of interrupted sleep because of an urge to void and, like the urinary frequency component, is affected by similar lifestyle and medical factors. Individual waking events are not considered abnormal, one study in Finland established two or more voids per night as affecting quality of life.[11]

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Overfilling of the bladder can occur if the outlet from the bladder is obstructed so urine backs up in the bladder or if the bladder muscle does not work so urine is not completely expelled from the bladder during urination. People with overflow incontinence may feel like the bladder does not empty completely, their urine flows out slowly, and/or that urine dribbles out after voiding. Symptoms of overflow incontinence may be similar to those of mixed incontinence. A small amount of urine may be lost when intra-abdominal pressure is increased. There may be symptoms of frequency and urgency as the detrusor muscle attempts to expel urine.

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Laxity of the pubourethral ligaments (ie, anterior zone of damage), mid vagina (ie, middle zone), and uterosacral ligaments (ie, posterior zone) make the usual tridirectional support of the vagina ineffective. With the vagina no longer properly tethered to the pelvic girdle, the usual neuromuscular actions that occur during increases in intra-abdominal pressure or pelvic floor relaxation during voiding are not translated as effectively into urethral closure and opening, respectively.

Urge incontinence is involuntary urine loss associated with a feeling of urgency. The corresponding urodynamic term is detrusor overactivity, which is the observation of involuntary detrusor contractions during filling cystometry. [16, 17] These contractions may be voluntary or spontaneous and may or may not cause symptoms of urgency and/or urgency incontinence.

If you lose urine for no apparent reason after suddenly feeling the need or urge to urinate, you may have urge incontinence. A common cause of urge incontinence is inappropriate bladder contractions. Abnormal nerve signals might be the cause of these bladder spasms.

^ Jump up to: a b c d Norton, C; Cody, JD (Jul 11, 2012). “Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 7: CD002111. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002111.pub3. PMID 22786479.

Kegel exercises: These are exercises in which you contract and release the pelvic floor muscles. These are the muscles you use when you voluntarily stop and then restart the flow of urine. Toning these muscles can help improve bladder control and reduce urinary urgency and frequency. Squeeze for three seconds, then relax for three seconds. Repeat 10 to 15 times per session, and do this at least three times a day. Kegel exercises are only effective when done regularly.

Liberman JN, Hunt TL, Stewart WF, Wein A, Zhou Z, Herzog AR, et al. Health-related quality of life among adults with symptoms of overactive bladder: results from a U.S. community-based survey. Urology. 2001 Jun. 57(6):1044-50. [Medline].

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Wallner LP, Porten S, Meenan RT, O’Keefe Rosetti MC, Calhoun EA, Sarma AV, et al. Prevalence and severity of undiagnosed urinary incontinence in women. Am J Med. 2009 Nov. 122(11):1037-42. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Bladder training can be difficult but becomes easier with time and perseverance. It works best if combined with advice and support from a continence advisor, nurse or doctor. Make sure you drink a normal amount of fluids when you do bladder training (see above).

Side-effects are quite common with these medicines but are often minor and tolerable. Read the information sheet which comes with your medicine for a full list of possible side-effects. The most common is a dry mouth and simply having frequent sips of water may counter this. Other common side-effects include dry eyes, constipation and blurred vision. However, the medicines have differences and you may find that if one medicine causes troublesome side-effects, a switch to a different one may suit you better.

Mills and colleagues conducted a comparison study of bladder muscle strips from patients with severe idiopathic detrusor overactivity and from organ donors with no known urologic problems. [16] The following are some of the findings:

Frequent urination describes the need to urinate more often than usual. However, there is not really a clear definition of “frequent” when it comes to how often you urinate. The key to deciding if you have issues with frequent urination is whether… Read More

Stress incontinence can worsen during the week before your menstrual period. At that time, lowered estrogen levels might lead to lower muscular pressure around the urethra, increasing chances of leakage. The incidence of stress incontinence increases following menopause.

Urge incontinence occurs due to overactivity of the detrusor muscle. The hallmark symptom of this kind of urinary incontinence is a sudden, overwhelming urge to void, accompanied by loss of urine. Frequent urination and nighttime urination often occur with this type of urinary incontinence. The amount lost is variable. Hearing running water or changing position may trigger bladder contractions and lead to urine loss. This type of incontinence can occur in anyone of any age, but it is more typical with advancing age. Just 9% of women between the ages of 40 and 44 suffer from urge incontinence while 31% of women over the age of 75 suffer from the condition.

Less frequent causes of urinary incontinence include complications of urologic procedures or pelvic radiation therapy. In the pediatric population, it includes enuresis and congenital abnormalities of the genitourinary system.

In women without urethral hypermobility, the urethra is stabilized during stress by three interrelated mechanisms. One mechanism is reflex, or voluntary, closure of the pelvic floor. Contraction of the levator ani complex elevates the proximal urethra and bladder neck, tightens intact connective tissue supports, and elevates the perineal body, which may serve as a urethral backstop.

Mirabegron (Myrbetriq). Used to treat urge incontinence, this medication relaxes the bladder muscle and can increase the amount of urine your bladder can hold. It may also increase the amount you are able to urinate at one time, helping to empty your bladder more completely.

Absorbent incontinence products come in a wide range of types (drip collectors, pads, underwear and adult diapers), each with varying capacities and sizes. The largest volume of products that is consumed falls into the lower absorbency range of products, and even when it comes to adult diapers, the cheapest and least absorbent brands are used the most. This is not because people choose to use the cheapest and least absorbent brands, but rather because medical facilities are the largest consumer of adult diapers, and they have requirements to change patients as often as every two hours. As such, they select products that meet their frequent-changing needs, rather than products that could be worn longer or more comfortably.

^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Gormley, EA; Lightner, DJ; Burgio, KL; Chai, TC; Clemens, JQ; Culkin, DJ; Das, AK; Foster HE, Jr; Scarpero, HM; Tessier, CD; Vasavada, SP; American Urological, Association; Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital, Reconstruction (December 2012). “Diagnosis and treatment of overactive bladder (non-neurogenic) in adults: AUA/SUFU guideline”. The Journal of Urology. 188 (6 Suppl): 2455–63. doi:10.1016/j.juro.2012.09.079. PMID 23098785.

Men also may learn how to perform Kegel exercises properly by using biofeedback. Biofeedback uses special sensors to measure bodily functions, such as muscle contractions that control urination. A video monitor displays the measurements as graphs, and sounds indicate when the man is using the correct muscles. The health care professional uses the information to help the man change abnormal function of the pelvic floor muscles. At home, the man practices to improve muscle function. The man can perform the exercises while lying down, sitting at a desk, or standing up. Success with pelvic floor exercises depends on the cause of UI, its severity, and the man’s ability to perform the exercises.

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Biofeedback is effective for both common forms of this disorder. A review of more than 24 different studies involving more than 1,500 affected women concluded that those who received biofeedback in addition to pelvic floor muscle training were much more likely to report improvements or cures of their condition compared to those who received pelvic floor muscle training alone. However, it is unknown whether the increase in successful outcomes was due to the addition of biofeedback or the extra time that women spent with healthcare professionals during the sessions.

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When a certain volume of urine is in the bladder, you become aware that the bladder is getting full. When you go to the toilet to pass urine, the bladder muscle squeezes (contracts) and the urethra and pelvic floor muscles relax to allow the urine to flow out.

Older people may have a common combination of bladder storage problems and bladder-emptying issues. The bladder may cause a lot of urgency and even incontinence, but it doesn’t empty well. A specialist may be able to help you with this combination of bladder problems.

vary widely . Some supplements do not contain enough to be effective. Many experts also believe that cranberry juice does not contain enough of these proanthocyanidins to be helpful in preventing UTIs.

^ Jump up to: a b Tikkinen, KAO; Tammela, TLJ; Rissanen, AM; Valpas, A; Huhtala, H; Auvinen, A (2007). Madersbacher, Stephan, ed. “Is the Prevalence of Overactive Bladder Overestimated? A Population-Based Study in Finland”. PLoS ONE. 2 (2): e195. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000195. PMC 1805814 . PMID 17332843.

Grady D, Brown JS, Vittinghoff E, Applegate W, Varner E, Snyder T. Postmenopausal hormones and incontinence: the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study. Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Jan. 97(1):116-20. [Medline].

Urge incontinence occurs due to overactivity of the bladder wall muscle (the detrusor). Urge incontinence may be caused by a problem with the muscle, with the nerves that control the muscle, or both. If the cause is unknown, it is called idiopathic urge incontinence. Overactive bladder, or urge incontinence, without neurologic causes is called detrusor instability, meaning the muscle itself contracts inappropriately.

Kegel exercises: Also called pelvic-floor exercises, these focus on strengthening the muscles of the anus, buttocks and pelvis. When done correctly, they can be effective in improving or resolving FI. They involve a routine of repeatedly contracting muscles used when making a bowel movement. Hold these muscles as if you’re trying to stop the flow of stool or passing gas for a slow count of five, and then relax. Kegel exercises should be done in a series of 30 contractions three times a day. They usually strengthen the pelvic-floor muscles within a few weeks.

Urinary incontinence in women results when the brain does not properly signal the bladder, the sphincters do not squeeze strongly enough, or both. The bladder muscle may contract too much or not enough because of a problem with the muscle itself or the nerves controlling the bladder muscle. Damage to the sphincter muscles themselves or the nerves controlling these muscles can result in poor sphincter function. These problems can range from simple to complex.

According to the clinical practice guidelines issued by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (now called Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality), there are four types of incontinence: stress, urge, mixed, and overflow. Other guidelines identify functional incontinence as a fifth type.5-8 TABLE 1 describes the various types of incontinence in more detail, along with the usual approaches used in the management of each.5-10

Gordon, D., Groutz, A., Ascher-Landsberg, J., Lessing, J. B., David, M. P. & Razz, O. (1998, June). Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of magnesium hydroxide for treatment of sensory urgency and detrusor inst ability: preliminary results. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 105, 667-669. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.1998.tb10183.x/pdf

Wearability – Adult diapers are never really what would be considered comfortable, some are more comfortable to wear than others. You want it to fit well because either too tight or too loose is going to make the wearer feel discomfort. Opt for the styles that have cloth like materials which feel much more natural and not like you’re wearing plastic. You also don’t want it to be scratchy which can cause the wearer to tug and pull at it continually and draw attention to it. You also want to find one that you can wear for an extended period of time that will not end up feeling like a wad of wet paper towels. Ideally, the user will forget they’re even wearing adult diapers.

Treatment for frequent urination depends on the cause. Your doctor will first treat any primary disease responsible for frequent urination. If an infection is at fault, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for getting rid of the infection.

Numerous treatments are available to help you manage symptoms of an overactive bladder. You’ll work closely with your doctor to come up with an effective treatment plan. Options can include medication to relieve symptoms and reduce urges. Other treatments can include:

Go to the toilet only when you need to. Some people get into the habit of going to the toilet more often than they need. They may go when their bladder only has a small amount of urine so as ‘not to be caught short’. This again may sound sensible, as some people think that symptoms of an overactive bladder will not develop if the bladder does not fill very much and is emptied regularly. However, again, this can make symptoms worse in the long run. If you go to the toilet too often the bladder becomes used to holding less urine. The bladder may then become even more sensitive and overactive at times when it is stretched a little. So, you may find that when you need to hold on a bit longer (for example, if you go out), symptoms are worse than ever.

Diabetes . Frequent urination with an abnormally large amount of urine is often an early symptom of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes as the body tries to rid itself of unused glucose through the urine.

Honorable mention: This has to go to the booster pads. Booster padsadd to the capacity of the incontinence product. Two great ones are the Dignity Stackable and Dignity Extra Duty Doubler Pads. Booster pads do not have a barrier on the inside; they allow fluid to flow through them. Once the pad has reached its capacity it then allows the flow of fluid onto the incontinence product. They are not for use in your normal underwear; they must be used with an incontinence product. The Stackables can be stacked on top of each other to added additional capacity as needed. The Doublers are two pads connected together, generally folded and used together. They are generally used for overnight, added protection and as padding in specific areas as needed.

Treatment options range from conservative treatment, behavior management, bladder retraining,[18] pelvic floor therapy, collecting devices (for men), fixer-occluder devices for incontinence (in men), medications and surgery.[19] The success of treatment depends on the correct diagnoses.[20] Weight loss is recommended in those who are obese.[21]

Reynolds WS, McPheeters M, Blume J, Surawicz T, Worley K, Wang L, et al. Comparative Effectiveness of Anticholinergic Therapy for Overactive Bladder in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jun. 125 (6):1423-32. [Medline].

Urinary incontinence in men results when the brain does not properly signal the bladder, the sphincters do not squeeze strongly enough, or both. The bladder muscle may contract too much or not enough because of a problem with the muscle itself or the nerves controlling the bladder muscle. Damage to the sphincter muscles themselves or the nerves controlling these muscles can result in poor sphincter function. These problems can range from simple to complex.

Having to deal with incontinence can be a very stressful, emotional thing for adults. Whether you’re dealing with it yourself or you’re helping a loved one who is dealing with it, there can be some embarrassment and humiliation feelings that come up. Having the kind of protection that prevents accidents from occurring can make a big difference in the person’s self esteem; finding the right protection that truly works is very important in sensitive matters like this. We’ve provided the top rated adult diapers in the industry that customers are reporting are comfortable, easy to use and most importantly, that work.

Constipation can also put extra pressure on your bladder and pelvic floor muscles so make sure you have plenty of fresh fruit, veggies and fibre in your diet. These will help your digestive system work better and help you avoid constipation

3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Overflow incontinence may also be caused by your detrusor muscles not fully contracting, which means your bladder doesn’t completely empty when you go to the toilet. As a result, the bladder becomes stretched.

Fecal incontinence (FI), also known as anal incontinence, or in some forms encopresis, is a lack of control over defecation, leading to involuntary loss of bowel contents—including flatus (gas), liquid stool elements and mucus, or solid feces. FI is a sign or a symptom, not a diagnosis. Incontinence can result from different causes and might occur with either constipation or diarrhea. Continence is maintained by inter-related factors, including the anal sampling mechanism, and usually there is more than one deficiency of these mechanisms for incontinence to develop. The most common causes are thought to be immediate or delayed damage from childbirth, complications from prior anorectal surgery (especially involving the anal sphincters or hemorrhoidal vascular cushions) and altered bowel habits (e.g., caused by irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, food intolerance, or constipation with overflow incontinence).[1] An estimated 2.2% of community dwelling adults are affected.[2]

Cystoscopy is a procedure in which a pencil-thin tube is inserted into the urethra to look inside the bladder and urethra. A ureteroscopy involves the insertion of a thin instrument into the ureter, usually with a general anesthesia, in order to view the ureter or remove blockages.

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Mark A Silverberg, MD, MMB, FACEP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Emergency Physicians, American Medical Association, Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors, and Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

In many cases, an autologous sling is used and will be made using part of the layer of tissue that covers the abdominal muscles (rectus fascia). These slings are generally preferred because more is known about their long-term safety and effectiveness.

Medicines can affect bladder control in different ways. Some medicines help prevent incontinence by blocking abnormal nerve signals that make the bladder contract at the wrong time, while others slow the production of urine. Still others relax the bladder or shrink the prostate. Before prescribing a medicine to treat incontinence, your doctor may consider changing a prescription you already take. For example, diuretics are often prescribed to treat high blood pressure because they reduce fluid in the body by increasing urine production. Some men may find that switching from a diuretic to another kind of blood pressure medicine takes care of their incontinence.

SUI happens when the pelvic floor muscles have stretched. Physical activity puts pressure on the bladder. Then the bladder leaks. Leaking my happen with exercise, walking, bending, lifting, or even sneezing and coughing. It can be a few drops of urine to a tablespoon or more. SUI can be mild, moderate or severe.

The first step in pelvic muscle rehabilitation is to establish a better awareness of the levator muscle function. Pelvic floor exercises, sometimes called Kegel exercises, are a rehabilitation technique used to tighten and tone the pelvic floor muscles that have become weak over time. These exercises strengthen the sphincter muscle to prevent urine from leaking out due to stress incontinence. These exercises can also strengthen the pelvic floor muscles to prevent pelvic prolapse (improper movement of pelvic organs). Kegel exercises can also eliminate urge incontinence. Contracting the urinary sphincter muscle makes the bladder muscle relax. Pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation may be used to reprogram the urinary bladder to decrease the frequency of incontinence episodes.

^ Price N, Jackson SR (2004). “Clinical audit of the use of tension-free vaginal tape as a surgical treatment for urinary stress incontinence, set against NICE guidelines”. J Obstet Gynaecol. 24 (5): 534–538. doi:10.1080/01443610410001722590.

The only two functions of the bladder are to store urine and to expel urine in a co-ordinated fashion under appropriate circumstances. The bladder needs to be of adequate capacity and compliance in order to store urine. The tone within the bladder neck and sphincter (valve) prevents urine from leaking from the bladder. During voiding the bladder muscle contracts while the sphincter relaxes in a coordinated fashion.

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People with medical conditions which cause them to experience urinary or fecal incontinence often require diapers or similar products because they are unable to control their bladders or bowels. People who are bedridden or in wheelchairs, including those with good bowel and bladder control, may also wear diapers because they are unable to access the toilet independently. Those with cognitive impairment, such as dementia, may require diapers because they may not recognize their need to reach a toilet.

Detrusor (bladder muscle) instability is common in old age and can lead to urge incontinence. Menopause causes atrophy of the vagina and urethra, which impairs the occlusive function of the urethra. Elderly men are prone to benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlargement), which can lead to chronic retention and overflow incontinence.

During pregnancy, a woman’s uterus expands. This can put pressure on your bladder and cause sudden urges to urinate, or incontinence. You might also experience incontinence after childbirth, due to weakened pelvic floor muscles. This is a common cause of OAB-like symptoms and is treatable with Kegel exercises and other therapies designed to strengthen your muscles.

A normal bladder functions through a complex coordination of musculoskeletal, neurologic, and psychological functions that allow it to fill and empty. The prime effector of continence is the synergic relaxation of detrusor muscles and contraction of bladder neck and pelvic floor muscles.

It makes sense that if too much caffeine can make you jittery, it also can make your overactive bladder jumpy. “It is both a diuretic and a bladder irritant,” says Dr. Winkler, meaning it causes your kidneys to make more urine and makes your bladder more sensitive. “I tell patients, ‘If you’re going to have a cup of coffee, expect to have to go to the bathroom.'”

Bladder training entails implementing regimented and scheduled voiding times with progressively longer intervals. This type of training helps to normalize urinary control, reduce voiding frequency, increase bladder capacity, improve patient confidence, and decrease episodes of incontinence.

Diabetes . Frequent urination with an abnormally large amount of urine is often an early symptom of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes as the body tries to rid itself of unused glucose through the urine.

The condition is usually the result of miscommunication between the brain and the bladder. The brain signals to the bladder that it is time to squeeze and empty, but the bladder isn’t full. As a result, the bladder starts to contract. This causes a strong urge to urinate.

^ Jump up to: a b Milsom, I; Abrams, P; Cardozo, L; Roberts, RG; Thuroff, J; Wein, AJ (June 2001). “How widespread are the symptoms of an overactive bladder and how are they managed? A population-based prevalence study”. BJU Int. 87 (9): 760–6. doi:10.1046/j.1464-410x.2001.02228.x. PMID 11412210.

OAB causes strong, sudden urges to urinate. This isn’t the same as when you wait too long to use the bathroom and the urge gets gradually stronger as time passes. This symptom can arise quickly and without warning, even when you’ve recently urinated. In some cases, people with OAB may not be able to make it to a bathroom in time, and urine involuntarily leaks from their bladder. This is called urinary incontinence.

Individuals who continue to experience urinary incontinence need to find a management solution that matches their individual situation. The use of mechanical devices has not been well studied in women as of 2014.[28]

Most people typically urinate four to eight times a day. Needing to go more than eight times a day or waking up in the night to go to the bathroom more than once in the night is considered frequent urination. Though the bladder can often hold as much as 600 ml of urine (about 2 ½ cups), the urge to urinate is usually felt when the bladder contains about 150 ml of urine (just over ½ cup).

Absorption – Tranquility tests all of their products using the C (capacity) U (under) P (pressure) method. This actually tests the products holding capacity much like it is released from the body. This is done by testing the product under applied pressure instead of just soaking the diaper to see how much it will hold.

Petros PE. New ambulatory surgical methods using an anatomical classification of urinary dysfunction improve stress, urge and abnormal emptying. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 1997. 8(5):270-7. [Medline].

Urinary incontinence — the loss of bladder control — is a common and often embarrassing The severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having an urge to urinate that’s so sudden and strong you don’t get to a toilet in time.

Jump up ^ Kang, Jun Goo; Park, Cheol-Young (1 January 2012). “Anti-Obesity Drugs: A Review about Their Effects and Safety”. Diabetes & Metabolism Journal. 36 (1): 13–25. doi:10.4093/dmj.2012.36.1.13. PMC 3283822 . PMID 22363917.

You can take some steps to reduce your likelihood of developing frequent urination. You can also avoid certain foods and drinks closer to nighttime that are known to increase the likelihood of nocturia. Examples include:

Jump up ^ Rodrigues, ML; Motta, ME (Jan–Feb 2012). “Mechanisms and factors associated with gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with diabetes mellitus”. Jornal de pediatria. 88 (1): 17–24. doi:10.2223/jped.2153. PMID 22344626.

Several factors can influence the success of any surgical procedure, such as medical conditions like diabetes, other genital or urinary problems, or previous surgical failures. The patient should be prepared to undergo a thorough physical examination and other testing to determine not only the cause of urinary incontinence but also to discover other factors that may influence success of a procedure.

Bladder and bowel control problems are common. More than four million Australians regularly experience leakage from the bladder and bowel (incontinence). Many others have bladder and bowel control problems, such as needing to go to the toilet more frequently and an urgency to go without leakage. Together, these problems are often called continence problems.